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Discuss the following with your partner:

 

1.What are the most serious ecological problems nowadays?

2. What is your opinion: is it possible to stop environmental pollution?

 

 

VOCABULARY

 

1. Find the appropriate equivalent:

Man’s interference in nature; industrial enterprises; the land we grow grain; harmful substances; are cut and burn in fire; some rare species of animals; a number of rivers and lakes dry up; ecological disaster; the consequences of this explosion; universal concern; man’s careless interaction with nature; a sign of the ecological crisis; ecologically poor regions; initial steps; must be carried onward; urgent measures; ozone layer; numerous conferences have been held; is co-operating; joint project; permafrost zone; green house effect; to restore oxygen balance; refillable.

Всеобщая проблема; парниковый эффект; совместный проект; зона вечной мерзлоты; были проведены многочисленные конференции; сотрудничает; срочные меры; озоновый слой; первые шаги; надо двигаться вперед; экологически неблагополучные регионы; небрежное обращение человека с природой; признак экологического кризиса; вмешательство человека в природу; некоторые редкие виды животных; вредные вещества; вырубаются и сжигаются; земля, на которой мы выращиваем пшеницу; последствия этого взрыва; многоразовый; промышленные предприятия; восстановить кислородный баланс; экологические бедствия; ряд рек и озер высыхают.

2. Match the words with their definitions:

1. environment 1. the supply of water to land or crops to help growth, typically by means of channels
2. oppressive 2. to cause disorder in; disrupt
3. to upset 3. close and sultry
4. irrigation 4. the natural world, as a whole or in a particular geographical area, especially as affected by human activity
5.byproducts 5. the action of clearing a wide area of trees
6. deforestation 6. an incidental or secondary product made in the manufacture or synthesis of something else
7. to eliminate 7. make something happen
8. rare 8. a sudden accident or a natural catastrophe that causes great damage or loss of life
9. disaster 9. not found in large numbers and so of interest or value
10. to cause 10. completely remove or get rid of (something)

 

3. Complete the gaps with the words and phrases below:

1. byproducts; 2. disaster; 3. oppressive; 4. man’s interference in nature; 5. poor regions; 6. joint projects; 7. upsets; 8. universal; 9. ozone; 10. cause.

 

1. With the development of civilization … began to increase.

2. A term «urban climate» means higher temperature, … atmosphere and intensive smog.

3. The … of the activity of the industrial enterprises pollute the air and the water.

4. There are a lot of ecologically … in the Russian Federation.

5. The Chernobyl tragedy is most horrible ecological ….which befell Ukraine and its people in 1986.

6. Environmental protection is of a … concern.

7. A lot of countries over the world are carrying … out to study and protect the environment.

8. Ultraviolet radiation from the sun can … skin cancer.

9. The disappearance of the forest … the oxygen balance.

10. Normally the … layer in the atmosphere protects us from the radiation

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