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Основы теории изучаемого языка  Просмотрен 8

Министерство образования и науки республики Казахстан

Таразский государственный университет им. М.Х. Дулати

Сборник лекций

по дисциплине «Основы теории изучаемого языка»

Составитель: Ким И.А.

Тараз 2018

Contents

Phonetics

Lecture 1 Introduction 3

Lecture 2 Classification of English speech sounds 8

Lecture 3 English phonemes. Phoneme as a unit of language 12

Lecture #4 Accentual Structure of English Words 14

Lecture #5 Variation of English pronunciation 19

Lecture #6 Phonetic styles and their classification 22

Lexicology

Lecture I Semantic structure of a word 27

Lecture #2 Word as the unit of the language 31

Lecture #3 Semantic change 35

Lecture 4 Phraseological units 38

Lecture #5 Lexicography 42

Theoretical Grammar

Lecture #1 What Is Functional Grammar 45

Lecture #2 The problems of “parts of speech classification” 50

Lecture #3 Controversial aspects of the English noun and verb 54

Lecture #4 English phrase 58

Lecture #5 The English sentence, its structure and semantics 62

Lecture # 6 Classification of the sentence 66

 

Phonetics

Lecture #1 Introduction

Phonetics as a branch of linguistics

Aspects and units of phonetics

Branches of phonetics

Methods of phonetic analysis

Phonetics as a branch of linguistics

Phonetics is an independent branch of linguistics like lexicology or grammar. These linguistic sciences study language from three different points of view. Phonetics studies the outer form of language; its sound matter. The phonetician investigates the phonemes and their allophones, the syllabic structure the distribution of stress, and intonation. He is interested in the sounds that are produced by the human speech-organs insofar as these sounds have a role in language. Let us refer to this limited range of sounds as the phonic medium and to individual sounds within that range as speech-sounds.

We may now define phonetics as the study of the phonic medium. Phonetics is the study of the way humans make, transmit, and receive speech sounds. Phonetics occupies itself with the study of the ways in which the sounds are organized into a system of units and the variation of the units in all types and styles of spoken language.

So Phonetics investigates the phonemes and their allophones, the syllabic structure the distribution of stress, and intonation. It is interested in the sounds that are produced by the human speech-organs insofar as these sounds have a role in language. Let us refer to this limited range of sounds as the phonic medium and to individual sounds within that range as speech-sounds. We may now define phonetics as the study of the phonic medium. Phonetics is the study of the way humans make, transmit, and receive speech sounds. Phonetics occupies itself with the study of the ways in which the sounds are organized into a system of units and the variation of the units in all types and styles of spoken language.

Phonetics is a basic branch of linguistics. Neither linguistic theory nor linguistic practice can do without phonetics. No kind of linguistic study can be made without constant consideration of the material on the expression level.

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