Lesson Five. General Drills 761
Exercise 1. Read and learn the following words and expressions:
|1.||general drills||общесудовые учения|
|2.||to excuse (from)||освобождать от (работы, обязанности)|
|3.||muster list||расписание по постам (на случай аварийной или пожарной тревоги и шлюпочных учений)|
|4.||emergency station||аварийный пост|
|5.||crew on watch or watchkeepers||члены экипажа, находящиеся на вахте/вахтенные|
|6.||fire drills||пожарные учения|
|7.||boat drills||шлюпочные учения|
|8.||life raft||спасательный плот|
|9.||life buoy||спасательный буй|
|10.||lifejacket , immersion suit||спасательный жилет, гидрокостюм для погружения|
|11.||general alarm bell||общесудовой сигнал тревоги|
|12.||to extinguish, extinguisher||тушить, огнетушитель|
|13.||Emergency squad||аварийная команда/партия|
|15.||air shaft||вентиляционная шахта|
|16.||fan, blower||вентилятор, воздуходувка или компрессор|
|17.||fire hose||пожарный шланг|
|18.||to lead out||разносить|
|20.||affected area||аварийная зона|
|22.||fire and emergency station||пост по пожарному и аварийному расписанию|
|23.||embarkation ladder||посадочный трап (шторм-трап)|
|24.||general announcing system||общесудовая система оповещения|
|25.||to stand by||стоять наготове, приготовиться к|
|26.||boat stations||места по расписанию по шлюпочной тревоге|
Exercise 2. Read and translate the text, paying attention to the words in italics.
General drills aboard ship are designed to prepare the crew to handle emergencies. By using a standard system of drills it is possible for a sailor to move from one ship to another and know what to do in an emergency. Any crewmember should know where his station is and what his duty is for each drill or emergency. This information is stated on the Muster List.
No one is excused from any drill unless permission has been granted by the department head. All crewmembers must familiarize themselves with the location and duties of their emergency stations upon reporting on board. Each crewmember is provided with an individual muster list card, which shows in detail the special duties to perform. Watchkeepers will remain on watch on signal to Emergency Drill.
Depending on the ship’s type and company’s safety policy fire drills are held once a week or once a month. The main function of each drill is to check the state of fire-fighting equipment and to improve the skills of the crewmembers during such an emergency. Fire drills are normally held in conjunction with boat drills.
During boat drills the special attention should be paid to the location of all lifeboats, life rafts, lifebuoys and lifejackets on board. Each boat drill must be entered in the logbook.
Any crewmembers must consult the Muster List immediately upon joining the ship.
It should be mentioned that all crewmembers must be instructed in the performance of their special duties. So, drills are held to train seaman to cope with real emergencies.
Exercise 3. Give brief answers to the following questions:
1. What is the function of general drills? 2. Where can any crewmember find any information about emergencies and his behaviour during them? 3. Who can leave a crewmember from participating in the drills? 4. Should you find out the particularities of new ship and its organization, if you join the ship? 5. Does crew on watch take part in the drills? 6. How many types of drills do you know? 7. What is the function of fire drills? 8. How often is fire drill carried out? 9. What is the equipment that is used during boat drills? 10. What is the main thing that should be mentioned about boat drills? 11. What is the logbook? 12. How often are boat drills carried out? 13. What is the difference between lifeboats and life rafts, if any? 14. Where are the lifejackets stored? 15. What do you know about the fire-fighting equipment?
Exercise 4. Give equivalents:
· in Russian: life rafts, to be on watch, joining the ship, general announcing system, oiler, rank, officer in charge of, to familiarize oneself, wiper, muster list, to be instructed, to grant permission, department head, boat station, ordinary seaman, to ensure, fire extinguisher, to lead out, helmsman, to keep the watch, boat drills, to give the alarm, emergency station;
· in English: шлюпочные учения, спустить шлюпку, пожаротушения, карточка со сведениями из аварийного расписания, общесудовая система оповещения, тревога, спасательный плот, разнести пожарный шланг, принимать участие в общесудовых учениях, получить разрешение, вахтенный, каюта, аварийный трап, иллюминатор, одеть спасательный жилет, поднять шлюпку, сделать запись в судовой журнал, покидать судно, спасательный буй, аварийный пост, ознакомиться с, освобождать от.
Exercise 6. Read the dialogue and then make up your own one.
A: You joined our ship only two days ago. A crewmember should be ready for general drills.
B: Thanks for your help. I have already got and learned my muster list card. But…
A: First of all, the locations of lifejackets and lifeboats should be known. Check the best way to get muster station and be ready to use fire extinguisher.
B: I see. By the way, how often are boat drills carried out?
A: They should be held with fire drills, but in practice we’ll take part in fire drills once a week, in boat drills and the exercise of man overboard one time in four months or when more than 5 crewmembers join the ship.
B: It means that next Sunday as far as I know next fire drill will be held together with boat drill.
A: yes, you are right.
Exercise 5. Match the term with its definition.
|1. muster or emergency station||a. It’s the place assigned to crew where they have to meet before they will be ordered to enter the lifeboats.|
|2. boat station||b. A sound signal of seven blasts and one long blast given with the vessel’s sound system. This alarm is sounded to make aware the crew on board that an emergency has occurred.|
|3. blast||c. It is sounded as continuous ringing of ship’s electrical bell or continuous sounding of ship’s horn.|
|4. fire alarm||d. Place on deck that is assigned to crew where they have to meet according to the muster list when the corresponding alarm is released or announcement made|
|5. general emergency alarm||e. A sound signal made with the whistle of the vessel.|
Exercise 7. Choose the right variant.
|1. ____ the last man-overboard drill? a) Where are b) How is c) Why was d) When was|
|2. Is extra power available _____ an emergency? a) above b) near c) in d) within|
|3. _____ the company’s safety manual? a) Have read b) Read c) Have you read d) Read you|
|4. Have fire patrols ready ____ all areas. a) through b) in c)over d)with|
|5. Operate the lifeboat engine and then ___ back to the bridge. a) reported b) report c)reporting d)to report|
|6. ____ fire extinguishers are in the galley? a) How long b) How far c) How much d) How many|
|7. Some fires _____ because of electrical faults. a) occurs b) occur c) occurring d) does occur|
|8. ____ did the accident happen? a) That b) Which c) Who d) What time|
|9. Switch ___ the fire alarms. a) at b) from c)near d) off|
|10. Smoke is coming ____ the engine room. a) from b) for c) between d) on|
Exercise 8. Choose one of the texts and translate it, then answer the questions. Be ready to make a brief report about the main sense of the text.
· What is the main function of the drills?
· What equipment is used during the drills?
· Who is responsible for the equipment?
· How often are the drills carried out?
· What is the signal to the beginning of the drills?