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Investing in Women  Просмотрен 700

For many years women of the Orient primarily played the role of a homemaker. Only within a family could a woman see herself fulfilled. However, times have changed and women now have different interests, goals and tasks. In present Kazakh society a woman manifests herself harmoniously in every area. She is a wife, a mother, a friend and a sister, but at the same time she is a successful person both as a social personality and as a professional.

Now the State is taking unprecedented measures to ensure that women get access to the decision-making level. Recently the country has adopted a specific action plan so that the share of women in management positions reaches 30%, up from its current 10%. As a testament of this firm resolve, there are women’s political clubs actively functioning in the region and republican schools of political leadership.

Women’s development in economics is a priority direction in social modernization of the country. After all they make up 4.2 million out of 8.5 million of an economically active population. At the same time women’s contribution to GDP is permanently increasing. There is also a separate program for micro-financing of the rural population including women in rural areas.

Competitive development on the job market and in entrepreneurship is the key aspect in changing women’s status in the society. Efficiency in these programs is achieved through the President’s active support of the female movement in the country, the activity of the National Committee for Women’s Affairs and Family and well-balanced demographic policy of the state.

54. Give Russian equivalents for the following:

the role of a homemaker within a family

manifest harmoniously get access

unprecedented measures a priority direction

decision-making level a social personality

a specific action plan serve as a testament

social modernization achieve efficiency

economically active population key aspect

competitive development female movement

55. Speak on:

a) State support of the female movement in Kazakhstan;

b) Political and economic activity of women in our state.

UNIT 2

1. Read the words and their definitions. Translate the given examples:

1. to align– to put oneself on the side of or against a part or cause.

Some countries consider themselves to be nonaligned.

2. ballot – a sheet of paper used to make a secret vote.

It will take several hours to count the ballots and decide who has won.

3. bully – one who treats others abusively.

The bigger boy was a bully and liked to fight smaller boys.

4. crusade– an enterprise undertaken with much enthusiasm, usually for some cause.

The government has started a crusade against smoking.

5. to enfranchise– to allow the right to vote.

Black people in the United States were enfranchised after the Civil War.

6. exile– forced removal from one’s country.

The rebels’ leader was in exile in a neighboring country for ten years.

7.

ideology
– a systematic body of concepts, esp. about human life or culture.

Their ideology opposes the private ownership of land.

8. to incite – to move to action.

He was jailed on the charge of incitement to revolt.

9. jurisdiction– the power/right /authority to apply the law.

Murder is not within the jurisdiction of U.S. national courts because the laws against murder are state laws and the state courts have jurisdiction.

10. to nominate– to propose as a candidate for election to office, to propose for a position of honour.

The party nominated one candidate to run in the election.

11. to overthrow– to bring down, to defeat.

They overthrew the government when government troops were used to collect more taxes.

12. to persecute–to cause to suffer because of one’s beliefs.

The members of the opposition are being persecuted for their political beliefs.

13. to revoke– to take or call back.

His license was revoked because he was found guilty of a hit-and-run accident in which a child was killed.

14. treason– the offense of attempting to overthrow the government of one’s own country.

He was convicted of treason after his group tried to overthrow the government.

15. tyrant– an absolute ruler unrestrained by law, a ruler who exercises absolute power oppressively.

The people hate the king because he is such a tyrant.

2. Translate the sentences into Russian:

I.1. The more powerful countries are often accused of bullying the smaller countries into voicing agreement with their policies.2. The alignment of those countries with our enemies has made our situation worse. 3. He has crusaded in favour of stricter speed limits ever since his daughter was killed by a speeding driver. 4. The crusading women marched in the streets. 5.

She is a crusader against alcohol. 6. Although they think that his idea is a practical one, they are ideologically opposed to it. 7. Many of the recently enfranchised people are not yet registered to vote. 8. The government exiled most of its critics. 9. The exiled rebels are planning various acts of sabotage. 10. Her speech incited the workers to go out on strike. 11. Many people in that society have ideological problems with the idea of children being raised in state centres rather than by their parents. 12. She is campaigning now to win the nomination of her party.

II.1. The nominated candidates are going to debate each other on television next week. 2. The overthrown government leaders are now living in exile. 3. The rebels are planning the overthrow of the king. 4. The nominating committee has chosen a new president to replace the one who resigned. 5. The persecuted opposition members are trying to leave the country. 6. The persecution of religious minorities has been common in the history of the world.

7. The new law will be revocable in two years if it doesn’t work out. 8. At present her resignation is irrevocable, another person has already been hired to replace her. 9. He is irrevocably committed to that ideology; nothing will change his mind. 10. Her sale of weapons to our enemies was a treasonous act. 11. She is never permitted out of the house alone. 12. The tyrannical rule of that family over the country ended when the most important members were assassinated.

3. State whether the sentences are true or false:

1. People who are exiled are often imprisoned in the capital city of their country. 2. The post of Prime-minister is a high-level position. 3. People like being bullied. 4. Being nominated is often the first step to getting elected. 5. The U.S. is always aligned with Russia. 6. Something that is irrevocable can be changed. 7.

People want to be enfranchised. 8. Ballots are used during election. 9. People overthrow governments that they like. 10. Treason is a serious crime.

4. Answer each question with an active word:

1. Who hurts weaker people? 2. What are you in if you cannot live in your own country? 3. What do people want to do to tyrants? 4. Who can be the head of a government of a country? 5. What may be the first step in getting elected? 6. What is something people believe in? 7. Who believes in something strongly and acts for it? 8. What may a government do to people it doesn’t like? 9. What are people who can vote? 10. What might a person who hates his country commit?

5. Circle the word that is least related in meaning:

1. hurt align persecute

2. exile nominate choose

3. bully ballot vote

4. start incite enfranchise

5. overthrow take back revoke

6. bully tyrant crusader

7. incite locate align

8. jurisdiction principles ideology

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