:
303 . 117

|

Ask, complain, dream, enquire, hear, know, learn, protest, speak, talk, think, wonder   2116

Did you hear aboutthe accident? Mark was talking aboutgolf. We donot use aboutafter discuss.

We discussedthe problem, not We discussed about the problem.

Note the meaning of dream of, hear ofand think of.

I'd never tell you a lie. I wouldn't dream ofit.

Who's Ron Mason? ~ I don't know. I've never heard ofhim.

Did you like the play? What did you think ofit?

Wecan apologize to, complain to, talk toand write toa person.

I'm writing tomy sister. We talked toNatasha about classical music. We do not use toafter phone.

I'm phoning the office, not I'm phoning to the office.

70 Verb + preposition + ing-form


126 Exercises

1 Prepositions with look (A)

Complete the conversation between Laura and her friend Olivia. Put in after, at, far and into. Laura: Did you say you were looking (►)for an au pair?

Olivia: Yes, I was just looking (1) ...................... this advertisement.

We need someone to look (2). our children.

Laura: Do you have to pay an au pair?
Olivia: I'm not sure. I'll have to look (3)..how it all works.

2Some common prepositional verbs (B)

This is part of a letter that Melanie has received from an old friend. Put in these verbs and add a preposition after each one: agree, applied, ask, care, caring, concentrate, decided, pay, suffering

I'm working in a hospital now. I (►) applied for a nurse's job last July and started in August. I don't earn
much money, and I even had to (1) my uniform out of my own money. Perhaps I

should (2) .. a pay rise. But I don't really (3). the money. The

work is the important thing. Of course it's very hard work (4) . the patients, and at the

moment I'm (5) . backache.

But 1 knew it would be like this when I

(6)..a career in nursing. I just try to forget all the problems and

(7)the job. I think it's a worthwhile thing to do, and I'm sure you

(8).me.

3 Some common prepositional verbs (B)

Put in the verbs and add a preposition if necessary.

Mark and Sarah had accepted an invitation to Mike and Harriet's party. Sarah had to stay late at work to

(►)see to (see) one or two things. Her boss really (1) ........... (relies) her.

It's usually Sarah who (2) (deals) all the little problems.

Sarah didn't really (3) .. (feel) going to a party but thought she ought to keep Mark

company. She decided to go straight to the party instead of going home first.

She (4)(reached) the house just after nine. Mark was sitting in his car outside waiting

for her. He was (5) . (listening) the radio. Sarah (6) (apologized)

being late. At the party Mark talked to a strange woman who (7)(believed) ghosts.

Sarah met a man who kept (8) (laughing) his own jokes. She managed to get away

from him but couldn't avoid a woman who wanted to (9). (discuss) house prices.

Mark and Sarah (10) (left) the party early and drove home feeling exhausted.

4 About, ofand to(C)

Complete the conversation. Put in about, of or to.

David: Did you hear about my experience at the Quick Burger cafe?

Harriet: No. And I've never heard (►)of the Quick Burger cafe.

David: Oh, it's near the station. I was just talking (1) Melanie about it. They took at least

twenty minutes to bring me a burger. I don't call that quick. I complained (2) ... the

waitress, and she poured a can of cola over me.
Harriet: Really? She must have had a bad day.
David: The manager wasn't there, so I've written (3).. him to complain (4) the

service.

It was terrible. I wouldn't go there if I were you.
Harriet: I wouldn't dream (5).. going there. I hate those burger places.


127 Verb + object + preposition

A Introduction

We can use some verbs in the structure: verb + object + preposition.

VERB OBJECT PREPOSITION

People admiredCleopatra forher beauty.

The trees protectthe garden fromthe wind.

In the passive, the preposition comes after the verb.

Cleopatra was admired forher beauty. The garden is protected fromthe wind.

B Verb + object + preposition

Here are some more examples.

Tom accusedNick ofcheating at cards. Can 1 addsomething toyour list?

You should never aim/pointa gun atsomeone.

The player was arrested/punished forhitting an opponent. Let's asksomeone fordirections.

The passengers blamed/criticizedthe airline forthe delay.

I'll have to borrowthe money frommy parents.

If you comparethese figures with/tolast year, you can see the improvement.

1 congratulatedAndrew onhis excellent exam results.

Melanie cut/divided/splitthe pudding intofour portions.

The cameras discourage/preventmotorists fromspeeding.

You should insureyour camera againsttheft. It might get stolen.

Harriet has invitedus toa party. 1 preferhot weather tocold. I hate the cold.

The hotel provided/suppliedus witha packed lunch. Most people regardPicasso asa great artist.

The two men robbedthe woman ofher savings. They stole£2,000 fromher.

The restaurant was full. We shareda table witha young Swedish couple.

Mike doesn't spendmuch money onclothes.

Zedco suspectedone of their managers ofselling commercial secrets.

Don't forget to thankTom forhis help. Victor translatedthe letter intoEnglish.

C About, ofand to

Wecan use aboutwith telland ask.

Did I tellyou aboutmy operation? Askyour travel agent aboutcheap flights. With informwe can use aboutor of.

You should informeveryone about/ofthe decision.

Look at these examples with warn.

A sign warnedmotorists about/ofthe danger, (warn of/abouta danger)

A sign warnedmotorists aboutthe hole in the road, (warn aboutsomething that might be dangerous) With remind,there is a difference in meaning between aboutand of.

Emma remindedme aboutmy appointment. (= Emma told me not to forget.)

Emma remindsme ofmy sister. (= Emma is like my sister.)

Wecan write, describeor explainsomething toa person.

I've writtenseveral letters tothe company. The woman describedher attacker tothe police.

3 Give something to someone 126 Wait for, belong to, etc


127 Exercises

1 Verb + object + preposition (B)

This is a sports commentary at the Olympic Games. Put in the correct prepositions, e.g. for, from.

So Australia's Steve Brearley wins the gold medal ahead of Germany's Klaus Schliemann and Ivan Podorosky of Bulgaria. They're just congratulating Brearley (►) on his victory. His speed over the first

kilometre split the runners (1) ................

two groups, and in the end it was a race between the three

leaders. Brearley prevented Schliemann (2).. overtaking him in a sprint finish. I've always

regarded Brearley (3)... a great athlete, and look how well he's done today. I would even compare

him (4).. the great Emil Kristo himself. There's no doubt now that Brearley will be invited

(5) ..... Oslo for the next World Championships. So the Australian runner adds another medal

(6)his collection. And Australia are doing really well in the medals table. In fact, they share
second place (7)........ the United States.

2 Verb + object + preposition (B)

People are saying some surprising things.

Complete the replies using a verb + object + preposition.

► Andrew: I've bought a lot of books. I've spent £300.
Emma: What? Have you really spent £300 on books ?

1 Jessica: I don't like wine. I prefer water.

Daniel: I don't believe that. Do you really...................

2 Melanie: You heard about David's accident. Well, he's blaming Tom.
Rita: But why? Why is he ..............

3 Henry: I gave Claire a present, but she didn't thank me.

Sarah: Did you say she didn't.................................

4 Tom: The police say it's murder. They're accusing the head teacher.

Rita: What evidence do they have? How can they......................

3 Vicky: We had no towels. The hotel didn't provide them.

Rachel: Really? Why didn't they.......................

6 Natasha: It's my sister's wedding today, but she didn't invite me.

Emma: What! Do you mean she didn't................................

7 Nick: The team won a great victory, but no one congratulated them.
Trevor: Oh? And why didn't anyone..............

8 David: A man pointed a gun. Melanie was terrified.

Harriet: You mean someone......................

13 About, of and to (C)

Put in about, of or to.

► The interviewer asked Mrs Miles about her parachute jump.

1 I've told the police people throwing stones at our windows.

2 That man over there reminds me ................. someone I know.

3 The man explained the court that he had some personal problems.

4 Vicky is writing a letter................... her friends in Toronto.

5 There was a poster warning young people the dangers of drugs.

6 Melanie had to remind Nick.................... the money he owed her.

7 We would like to inform our customers ... a number of improvements in the service we offer.


127 Phrasal verbs (1)



A phrasal verb is a verb + adverb, e.g. come in, sit down, take off.There are very many phrasal verbs in English. Here are some adverbs which are used in phrasal verbs: about, along, around, away, back, behind, by, down, forward, in, off, on, out, over, round, through, up Some of these words can also be prepositions. For prepositional verbs see Unit 126.

A Introduction


B Understanding phrasal verbs

Some phrasal verbs are easy to understand.

Tom asked Melanie to come in.The man in front turned roundand stared at me. The meanings are clear if you know the words come, in, turnand round.

But many phrasal verbs are idiomatic. The verb + adverb has a special meaning. Fortunately the plan came off.(= succeeded) Why did you turn downsuch a good offer? (= refuse) I can't make outif it's a man or a woman over there. (= see clearly)

Sometimes a phrasal verb has the same meaning as a one-word verb.

find out discover leave out omit send out distribute

go back = return make up = invent (a story) throw away = discard

go on = continue put off postpone turn up arrive

The phrasal verb is usually more informal than the one-word verb.

C Word order with phrasal verbs

When a phrasal verb has an object, the object can go either before or after the adverb.

VERB OBJECT ADVERB VERB ADVERB OBJECT

Melanie tookher coat off.or Melanie took offher coat.

I wrotethe number down.OR I wrote down the number.

Who letthe cat out?OR Who let outthe cat?

A long object goes after the adverb.

The gang have carried out a number of bank raidsin the last few months. Why don't you try on that dress in the window?

A pronoun (e.g. it, them)always goes before the adverb. Melanie felt hot in her coat, so she took it off.not She too off it.

There have been a number of raids. The police know who carried them out.not The police know who caried out them.


127 Exercises

1 Understanding phrasal verbs (A-B)

Work out the meaning of these phrasal verbs and put them in the right sentences:

come back, come in, cut out, fall over, get on, give away, go away, let in, lie down, pay back, stay in, take back

(Use a dictionary if you need to.)

? Hello. Nice to see you. Come in and sit down.

? I didn't have a key, but luckily someone was there to let me in.

 

1 Can't we go out somewhere? I don't want to................. all evening.

2 Could you lend me ten pounds? I'll................. you ................ on Friday.

3 The pavement is very icy. Be careful you don't

4 I was feeling so tired I had to .......... on the bed for a while.

5 There was an article in the newspaper that I wanted to . and keep.

6 Mark's gone out, and I don't know when he's going to..................

7 The driver unlocked the coach so that the passengers were able to

8 I'll have to .............. these books . to the library.

9 Your brother was being a nuisance, so I told him to......................

10 In order to get publicity, the company decided to . ... some of the new sweets free to
children.

2 One-word verb and phrasal verb (B)

Put in a phrasal verb that means the same as the verb in brackets. Use the correct form of the phrasal verb.

Rachel: I've (►) found out (discovered) what the problem is with the exam.

Vicky: Oh, good. Tell me.

Rachel: When they printed the papers, they (1) (omitted) a page. No one noticed

until the papers had all been (2)....... .. (distributed).

Now they'll have to (3).................... (discard) all the papers and

(4) . (postpone) the exam.

Vicky: Are you sure you haven't (5).................. (invented) this whole story?

Rachel: It's true, I tell you. And isn't it good news?

Vicky: I don't know about that. It means we'll have to (6)(continue) revising.

13 Word order with phrasal verbs (C)

Complete the sentences by putting in the phrasal verbs. Some of the spaces you have to leave empty. Sometimes more than one answer is correct.

? The sweater was full of holes, so I threw it away (threw away).

? I've put up (put up) that picture we bought last week.

 

1 There's always litter here. No one ever .......... it.............. .(pickup).

2 It's quite cold now. I think I'll .............. my coat (put on).

3 I haven't heard from Rita lately. I might...................... her .......... .. (ring up).

4 Daniel has to go into college to.......... his project .............. (hand in).

5 I can't remember the address. I wish I'd........... it .. (writedown).

6 Nick is trying to ........................ all the money he's just lost (win back).

7 I'm not going to have time to.............. these dishes .... (wash up).

8 If you don't know the number, you can . It. (look up) in the phone book.

9 There was an accident which....... . ... all the traffic coming into town (held up).

10 The words 'expect' and 'except' are so similar that I keep.. them . (mix up).


129 Phrasal verbs (2)



A Everyday situations

Here are some phrasal verbs in everyday situations. Come on, we're going now. Trevor dug upan old coin in the garden. You have to fill inyour name and address. How did you get onin the test? I usually get uplate on Sundays. I'm going outfor the evening.

Melanie poured tea for the guests and handedthe cakes round.Hurry up. We haven't got much time. David hit his head on a lamppost and knockedhimself out.Mark picked upthe cassette and put it in the player. You have to plugthe machine infirst. I'm going to throwthese old clothes away.We were too tired to wash upafter the meal. Sarah woke upsuddenly in the night.


B Phrasal verbs and one-word verbs

Here are some phrasal verbs with the same meaning as a one-word verb (see also Unit 128B). They're going to bring ina new law against drinking and driving. (= introduce) How did the argument come about?(= happen) Emma isn't speaking to Matthew. They've fallen out.(= quarrelled) We've fixed upa meeting for next Tuesday. (= arranged) Trevor gave upplaying football years ago. (= stopped) / had a pain in my arm, but it's gone away.(= disappeared) We heard the bomb go offjive miles away. (= explode) The traffic was held upby road works. (= delayed)

The United Nations was set upto settle conflicts peacefully. (= established) I'm trying to work outhow much money I've spent. (= calculate)

C Business situations

Here are some examples of phrasal verbs in business situations.

If we're spending too much money, we'll have to cut back.(= spend less)

Our lawyers will draw upa new contract. (= write)

We mustn't fall behindin the race to develop new products. (= be slower than others)

The two sides were close to an agreement, but it fell through.(= didn't happen)

The company fought offa takeover by ICM Computers. (= managed to stop)

/ tried to ring Santiago, but I couldn't get through.(= make contact)

The company has laid offtwo hundred workers because of a lack of new orders.

The computer will print outthe details.

The consultants put forwarda proposal to reorganize the company. (= suggested)

I'll get the information for you. Can I ringyou backin half an hour? (= phone again)

Sarah paid a visit to the client to try to sort outthe difficulties. (= put right)

The company boss has stepped downafter ten years in charge. (= left the job)

We are taking onthe challenge of expanding overseas. (= accepting)

Large companies sometimes take oversmaller ones. (= take control of)


  
 


Exercises

1 Phrasal verbs in everyday situations (A) Look at the pictures and say what is happening. Use these phrasal verbs: dig up, pick up, plug in, throw away, wash up Use these objects: the armchair, litter, the plates, the road, the television

They're throwing the armchair away.

1. .. 3 ..

2. .. 4 ........................

Phrasal verbs and one-word verbs (B)

Rewrite the sentences replacing each underlined verb with a phrasal verb.

► We're trying to arrange a holiday together.
We're trying to fix up a holiday together.Nick says he's stopped smoking.

1 How did the accident happen?

2 I think Matthew and Emma have quarrelled.
i The problem isn't going to just disappear.

 

5 The government is introducing a new tax on computers.

6 Zedco want to establish a new sales office in Germany.

Business situations (C)

Complete the news article about Zedco. Put in these words: fallen behind, fell through, fight off, laying off, put forward, sort out, step down, taking over, taken on

Zedco Chief Executive Barry Douglas has (►) put forward a new plan designed to

(1) the company's problems. It is only twelve months since Zedco tried to

strengthen its position by (2)........................ Alpha Plastics. But the deal

(3) , and Alpha managed to (4)....................... . Zedco's attempts to

take control. Since then Zedco has performed poorly and has (5) in the race for

market share. Managing Director James Ironside has had to (6) , and Barry

Douglas has (7) the task of rescuing the company. There are fears that the new
plan will mean (8)...................... staff in order to reduce expenditure.


 

130 Phrasal verbs (3)

Here up has the sense of 'increasing', and onhas the sense of connected'.

B Adverb meanings

Look at these adverbs and their meanings.

Remember that an adverb can have a number of different meanings.

down= becoming less on= continuing

turn down the music carry onworking

bring down the cost oj living drive ona bit further

down= completely to the ground hang on/hold on a minute

knock a house downout= away, disappearing

cut down a tree wash outthe dirt

down= stopping completely cross out a mistake

the car broke down blow out the candle

a factory closing downout= to different people

down= on paper hand out free tickets

copy down the words share outthe winnings

write down the message out= aloud

note down the details read outthe article

off= away, departing call out anxiously

set off on a journey out= from start to finish

jump in the car and drive off write out the whole list

see Emma offat the station work outthe answer

the plane took offover= from start to finish

the pain is wearing off check your work over

off= disconnected think the problem over

switch off the heater up= increasing

cut off our electricity prices are going up

the caller rang off put up taxes

on= connected speak up so we can hear

switch on the kettle up= completely

turn on the TV eat upthese chocolates

leave the lights onall night fill upwith petrol

on= wearing count up the money

put a coat on tear up the paper
trythe sweater on


130 Exercises

i Adverb meanings (B)

Look back at B and then write the meaning of the underlined words in these sentences.

► I must get these ideas down in writing. on paper

1 Daniel finished all the cake ug.

2 I'm writing in pencil so I can rub out my mistakes.

3 Vicky didn't answer. She just went on reading.

4 I'll just read over what I've written.

5 A woman in the audience shouted something out

6 The water was turned off for about an hour today.

7 Nick's aggressive manner frightens people off.

8 The company wants to keep its costs down.

9 The embassy was burnt down by terrorists.

10 Someone will have to type all these figures out.

11 Social workers were giving out soup to the hungry.

12 Luckily Zedco's sales figures are moving up again.

13 The man was tall and dark. He had a blue jacket on.

14 Business is so bad that many firms have shut down.

2 Adverb meanings (B)

Put in the correct adverb.

► Melanie: Everything is so expensive. Prices seem to be going up all the time.
David: Yes, and the government is supposed to be bringing inflation down.

1 Laura: You shouldn't leave the television.......... all night.
Trevor: Sorry, I forgot. I usually turn it ...............

2 Vicky: I've written the wrong word here.
Rachel: Well, rub it

Vicky: I can't. It's in biro. I'll have to write the whole thing . again.

3 Sarah: They're going to pull this beautiful old building.

Mark: I know. Some protesters were handing . leaflets about it.

4Emma: Hold a minute. I thought I heard someone call

Matthew: I think you must have imagined it.

3 Adverb meanings (B)


► I'm afraid the car has broken down 1 Why don't you . this coat? 3 I can't hear. Please .. 2 Look, the plane is ....... 4 We're just.. on holiday.

What are they saying? Put in the phrasal verbs.


131 Verb + adverb + preposition

A Simple meanings

Look at these examples.

VERB ADVERB PREPOSITION

So you've come in fromthe cold.

The old man fell down onthe pavement.

I couldn't get through todirectory enquiries.

David decided to get up onto the roof.

It was nice to go out intothe fresh air.

We look out overthe sea.

Everyone looked up atthe aeroplane.

Vicky ran away fromthe fire.

B Idiomatic meanings

A verb + adverb + preposition often has a special, idiomatic meaning which isn't clear

from the individual words. Look at these examples.

Tom often calls in on/drops in onus without warning. (= pays short visits)

You go on ahead. I'll soon catch up withyou. (= reach the same place as)

The police are going to clamp down ondrug dealers. (= take strong action against)

I'm afraid we've come up againstanother difficulty. (= be stopped by)

Did Claire's trip come up to/live up toher expectations? (= Was it as good as she expected?)

The country is crying out fora new leader. (= in great need of)

We need to cut hack onour spending. (= reduce)

I'm trying to lose weight. I have to cut down onpuddings. (= reduce)

They should do away withthese useless traditions. (= abolish)

You've got to face up toyour responsibilities. You can't just ignore them. {- not avoid)

If plan A doesn't work, we've got plan B to fall back on.(= use if necessary)

I'm tired, Mark. I don't really feel up togoing out. (= have enough energy for)

We can't go on holiday together if your dates don't fit in withmine. (= go together with)

The thief managed to get away withabout £2,000 in cash. (= steal and take away)

The goods are damaged. We'll have to get on toour suppliers. (= contact)

You haven't packed your suitcase yet. You'd better get on withit. (= start, continue)

Mark doesn't really get on withAlan. They're always arguing. (= have a good relationship with)

/ have lots of little jobs to do, but I can never get round toactually doing them. (= find the right time for)

I can't make a promise and then go back onit, can I? (= break, fail to keep)

Matthew has decided to go in forthe ten-mile 'Fun Run this year. (= enter, compete in)

Most of the audience had left in the interval, but the actors decided to go on withthe show. (= continue)

If you hold on tothe rope, you'll be perfectly safe. (= keep your hands around)

Daniel was walking so fast I couldn't keep up withhim. (= go as fast as)

I'm looking forward tothe trip. (= thinking ahead with pleasure about)

If you're going barefoot, look out for/watch out forbroken glass. (= be careful about)

I got some money from the insurance company, but nothing could make up forlosing

my wedding ring. (= compensate for) I'm not going to put up withthis nonsense. (= tolerate) We've run out ofmilk, I'm afraid. (= We have none left.) Are you going to send away foryour free gift? (= write to ask for)


131Exercises

1 Simple meanings (A)

Put in these words: away from, down on, in from, out into, through to, up at, up onto

► To reach the light bulb, Trevor had to get up onto the table.

1 Nick hurt himself when he was skating. He fell............. . the ice.

2 It was a very long tunnel, but we finally came........... the sunshine.

3 Wondering if it was going to rain, Vicky looked .................. the clouds.

4 People were running................ the gunman as fast as they could.

5 I'm trying to phone my secretary, but I can't get............ the office.

6 When I've come.......... the cold, I just want to sit by the fire.

2 Idiomatic meanings (B)

Put in a verb + adverb + preposition which means the same as the expression in brackets.

► I'm afraid this product doesn't live up to (be as good as) the claims made in the advertisement.

1 I'll just call at the garage. I don't want to........... (have none left) petrol.

2 If you want a catalogue, I'll ............... (write to ask for) one.

3 We'd better ..................... (be careful about) sheep in the road.

4 1 ....... (think ahead with pleasure about) seeing you again soon, Emma.

5 The teacher was dictating so fast we couldn't....................... (go as fast as) her.

6 Why should we have to ........................ (tolerate) this awful noise?

7 It's half past twelve. I'd better .............. (start) making lunch.

8 Do you think the committee will ........... (change) their earlier decision?

9 There was a problem with the cheque, so I decided to ............................ (contact) my bank

immediately.

10 I always like to ....................... (enter) quiz competitions.

11 I'm trying to..................... ....... (reduce) the amount of coffee I drink.

12 I might lose my job. And I haven't got any savings to .. (use if necessary).

13 I've been meaning to reply to Rachel's letter, but I haven't managed
to (find the right time for) it yet.

14 An apology alone cannot (compensate for) all the inconvenience.

] Idiomatic meanings (B)

What might you say in these situations? Use the words in brackets.

► You're tired. You can't go jogging, (don't feel up)
I don't feel up to jogging.

1 You like Melanie. The two of you are very friendly. (I get)

2 You might go and see David. It would be a short visit, (might drop)

3 You don't mind what you do. You'll do the same as everyone else. (I'll fit)

4 You are too slow. Matthew is too far ahead of you. (can't catch up)

5 The sunny weather is nice. Last week was terrible, (is making up)


TEST 22 Verbs with prepositions and adverbs (Units 126-131)

Test 22A

Put the words in the right order to form a statement.

► I won't forget the titles of the books, down / I've / them / written
I've written them down.

1 I'll give you the money, for III must / my ticket / pay

2 I have to look smart, going to / I'm / on / put / that expensive grey coat 1 bought

3 Anna rang, invited / lunch / she's / to / us

4 Peter's got the photos, at / he's / looking / them

5 I wasn't allowed to go. from / leaving / me / prevented / the police

6 This programme is boring, going to / I'm / it / off / turn

Test 22 B

Decide which word is correct.

► I'm not speaking to Oliver. I've fallen out with him.
a) away b) back c) out d) through

1 Everyone complained the awful food.
a) about b) for c) on d) over

2 You don't need this word. You should cross it
a) down b) out c) over d) up

3 It's late. How much longer are you going to go . working?
a) along b) on c) through d) with

4 My shoes are dirty. I'd better take them .... before I come in.
a) away b) off c) on d) up

5 The bus journey costs more now. They've put the fares ..

a) down b) out c) over d) up

6 We all laughed ........................ the cartoon.

a) at b) for c) on d) to

7 We'd all decided to go on holiday together, but the plan fell.. , I'm afraid.
a) away b) back c) out d) through

8 I suppose you're being nice to make the awful way you behaved yesterday,
a) away of b) down on c) in with d) up for

Test 22C

Write the correct sentence.

► Could you be a little quieter, please? I'm-trying-to concentrate at- my work.
I'm trying to concentrate on my work.

1 You haven't answered all the questions. You've-left one-away.

2 Where is Bigbury? I've-never-heard-about it.


3 The children were frightened of the dog. They ran out of it.

4 Michelle has got the job. You must congratulate her for her success.

5 My sister is in computers. She's going to set out her own company.

6 I like Peter. He reminds me about an old school friend of mine.

7 Adrian has a suggestion. He wants to put it ahead at the meeting.

 :Test 21E  :Test 22E
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