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Quite and rather  Просмотрен 903

A Quitemeaning 'fairly'

Quite usually means 'fairly' or 'a medium amount' (see Unit 115A).

I jeel quitehungry now. Repairing the machine is quitedifficult.

The talk was quiteinteresting. We were quitesurprised at the result. (But see D for another meaning of quite.)

B Stress with quite

In speech, whether we stress quiteor the adjective makes a difference to the meaning.

If we stress quite,it means 'fairly but not very'. If we stress the adjective, the meaning is positive

The meaning is negative. (but not as positive as very).

The exhibition was quite good, but I've seen The exhibition was quite good. I enjoyed looking

better ones. round it.

I get up quite early, but not as early as you do. I got up quite early. I had a lot of jobs to do.

C Quite or rather?

When we make a favourable comment, we usually say quite,not rather.The book was quite interesting.It's quite warmnow. It was quite nicewalking through the park.

In unfavourable comments, we usually say rather,but quiteis possible. The book was ratherboring/quite boring. It was ratherawkward/quite awkward taking my suitcase on the underground.

Ratherin a favourable comment means 'to a surprising or unusual degree'. It's rather warm for October. (It isn't usually so warm.) / didn't know David can cook. He's rather goodat it.

I expect Tom's jokes were awful. ~ Actually they were rather funny.

Wecan use ratherwith a comparative but not quite.The meal took rather longerthan we expected.

For quiteand ratherwith a/an,see Unit 89B. It was quite an interestingbook.

D Quitemeaning 'completely'

With some adjectives, quitemeans 'completely' or 'totally'. What you said is quite wrong.{= completely wrong) The idea is quite absurd.(= totally absurd) The situation is quite hopeless.

Quitemeans 'completely' with these adjectives: absurd, alone, amazing, awful, brilliant, certain, dead, different, dreadful, extraordinary, false, hopeless, horrible, impossible, perfect, ridiculous, right, sure, true, useless, wrong

Compare the uses of quite.

I'm quite tired.(= fairly) I'm quite exhausted.(= completely)

The advice was quite useful.I got one or two The advice was quite useless.It was absolutely

tips. no good at all.


116 Exercises

1 Stress with quite (B)

Which word do we stress, quite or the adjective? Underline the stressed word.

? These pens are quite good but not as good as the ones I usually buy.

? This book is quite exciting. I can't put it down.

1 These fashions are quite new but not the very latest thing.

2 It's quite late. We'd better be going.

3 The sums are quite easy. I can do them in my head.

4 The music was quite good, but I wasn't really impressed.

5 The sun is quite bright. You'll need your sunglasses.

2 Quite or rather?(C)

Put in these adjectives: better, busy, nice, noisy, popular

Use quite or rather with each adjective. Sometimes either is possible.

Mark: I didn't like that meal very much.

Sarah: The soup was (►) quite nice though, wasn't it?

Mark: The food was (1).................... the last time we came.

Sarah: It's (2)…………………….. in here, isn't it? Everyone seems to be shouting.

Mark: I wasn't expecting the place to be so full. It's (3)………………………. for a Monday evening

Sarah: This restaurant is (4) ..................... , you know.

3 Quite or rather? (C)

Add a sentence expressing the idea in brackets.

Use quite or rather in your sentence. Sometimes either is possible.

► (It's pleasant by the river.)

Let's walk along by the river.

It's quite pleasant there.

► (You think Nick is aggressive.)

I don't like Nick much. I think he's rather aggressive.

1 (Changing trains twice is complicated.)

We have to change trains twice......................

2 (Your car is big.)

I can give you all a lift.........................

3 (The show went on longer than you expected.)

It was a good show, but....................

4 (You made your decision quickly.)

It wasn't a difficult decision............................

4 The meanings of quite (A, D)

Does quite mean 'fairly' or 'completely'?

? Try one of these sweets. I think they're quite nice. = fairly nice

? The driver walked away unhurt. It was quite amazing. = completely amazing

 

1 I couldn't agree to the idea. It was quite ridiculous. =

2 I need some help with this crossword. It's quite difficult. =

3 That isn't the same thing at all. It's quite different. =

4 I wasn't expecting to get a postcard. I was quite surprised. =

5 I bought this guidebook. It looks quite useful. =

6 Are you sure you want the job? ~ Yes, I'm quite certain. =


 

117 Too and enough

Too shortand not long enoughboth mean the same thing.

BWord order with tooand enough

Toogoes before an adjective or adverb.

Claire doesn't want to marry Henry. She thinks he's too old.

Zedco are in trouble. The company reacted too slowlyto the rise in prices. Enoughgoes after an adjective or adverb.

The water isn't hot enough.It needs to be boiling, not enough hot

You didn't put the screws in tightly enough,not enough tightly

Too many, too muchand enoughgo before a noun.

No wonder you're tired. You've been going to too many parties.

Andrew spends too much timeworking.

There'll be fifteen people for coffee. Have we got enough cups?

Everything is so expensive. Did you bring enoughmoney? We use manywith a plural noun and muchwith an uncountable noun (see Unit 95A).

Compare these examples with enough.

After an adjective: The coffee isn't strong enough.

Before a noun: You didn't put enough coffee in.

We leave out the noun if the meaning is clear without it.

Just add a little water. Not too much.We'll need fifteen cups. Have we got enough?

C Other structures with tooand enough

We can use a phrase with forafter tooor enough.

These puzzles are toodifficult for children.This coat isn't warm enough for winter.Have we got enoughcups for everyone?

We can also use a to-infinitive.

It's toodangerous to walkhome at this time of night.

There are toomany museums here to visitin a single day.

Are you fit enough to runa marathon?

I couldn't get close enough to seeproperly.

Vicky didn't bring enoughmoney to buytwo CDs.


 


117 Exercises

1 Tooand enough (A-B) Look at the pictures and write sentences with too and enough. Use these nouns and adjectives: big, gate, long, low, plane, sweater, ruler, warm, water, wide

? The sweater is too big. 1 .................

? The ruler isn't long enough. 2 ..................

3 ………………….

Tooand enough(A-B)

Look at what people are saying and complete the sentences. Use too, too many, too much or enough with these words: clearly, complicated, difficult, expensive, food, hastily, mistakes, rain, sweet, traffic

? You should have stopped to think first. You acted too hastily.

? This quiz is rather easy. The questions aren't difficult enough.

 

1 Can I have some more sugar in my coffee, please? It isn't

2 I can't afford a new stereo. It would be .

3 There's a water shortage. There just hasn't been

4 I can't read your writing. You don't write

5 Try to be more careful, please. You're making

6 The roads are very crowded. There's simply

7 I can't understand these instructions. They're

8 Thousands of people are starving because they can't get

Other structures with tooand enough (C)

Comment on the situations. Use too or enough and a phrase with jor or a to-infinitive.

? A taxi would have been best. But you didn't have the money.
I didn't have enough money for a taxi.

? Sarah can't take a day off. She's very busy.
Sarah is too busy to take a day off.

 

1 A picnic would be nice. But it's wet.

2 All your guests will need chairs. But you haven't got very many.

3 You couldn't carry the equipment. You had such a lot.

4 Natasha wants to be a professional musician. You think she's very good.


TEST 20 Adverbs and word order (Units 113-117)

Test 20A

Put each word in brackets into the sentence.

► Anna arrives for work, (late)
Anna arrives late for work.

1 I like old cowboy films, (quite)

2 Have you finished this magazine? (yet)

3 This coat is big. (too)

4 Have the children had their tea? (already)

5 You don't look ill. (certainly)

6 We don't go out. (much)

7 I think everyone works hard, (fairly)

8 I don't know the date of the meeting, (still)

9 The others are getting ready, (just)

10 I have to go to work, (on Saturdays)

Test 20B

Put the words in the right order to form a statement.

► I / love / really / these trousers
I really love these trousers.

1 is / rather / silly / this game

2 already / I've / paid / the bill

3 enough / isn't / loud / the alarm

4 easily / Jonathan / passed / the test

5 a lot / cards / play / the children

6 didn't / enough / sell / they / tickets

7 ask / many / questions / too / you

8 a member / any more / of the club / I'm / not

9 enough / it's / outside / to sit / warm


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