Всего на сайте:
303 тыс. 117 статей

Главная | Изучение языков

C Still and already  Просмотрен 566

In a positive statement, stilland alreadyusually go in mid position (see Unit 113B). Sarah isn't home yet. She's stillat work. We wrote a month ago, and we're stillwaiting for a reply. I've only been at work an hour, and I'm alreadyexhausted. There's no need to tell me. I alreadyknow.

Wecan alsouse stillin a negative statement. It goes before haven't, can't,etc.

It's nearly lunch-time, and you stillhaven't opened your mail.

My friend is sixteen, and she stillcan't swim. Compare these sentences. The meanings are similar.

Rita hasn't booked a holiday yet.Rita stillhasn't booked a holiday. Stillis stronger than yet.It often expresses surprise that the situation has gone on for so long.

In a question stilland alreadyusually go after the subject.

Are you stillwaiting after all this time? Has Tom alreadybeen on holiday?

D No longer and any longer/any more

No longermeans that something is finished. It goes in mid position (see Unit 113B). You can't buy these bikes now. They no longermake them. I used to belong to the sports club, but I'm no longera member.

No longercan be a little formal.

In informal speech we use not... any longeror not... anymore.

They don't make these bikes any longer/any more.

Rita has moved. She doesn't live here any longer/any more.Any longer/any morecomes at the end.

12A Yetand alreadywith the present perfect


114 Exercises

1 Yet, stilland already (A)

Put in yet, still or already.

► Mark: I know it isn't lunch-time yet, but I'm really hungry.

Sarah: It's only eleven. And you've already had two coffees since breakfast.

1 Vicky: You've ……………….. got this library book, and it was due back ten days ago.
Rachel: Well, I haven't finished it.....................

2 Nick: Tom is a very slow eater, isn't he? He's........... having his soup.

David: And we've ........... started our pudding.

3 Trevor: Has the postman been.................... ? I'm expecting a letter from the bank.

Laura: Yes, he has, but that letter................... hasn't arrived.

2Word order with yet, stilland already (A)

Put the word in brackets into one of the sentences.

? I've bought some CDs. I haven't played them, (yet)
/ haven't played them yet.

? This calculator works. I've had it for ages, (still)
This calculator still works.

 

1 I owe Emma £20.1 can't ask her for more, (already)

2 We've spent all our money. And we're only halfway through our holiday, (already)

3 I've cleaned this window. But it looks dirty, (still)

4 Our friend took some photos. We haven't seen them, (yet)

5 I can't understand the rules. I know you explained them to me.

(still)

3 Stilland any more(C-D)

Two people are talking about the place they live in. Write the replies using still or not... any more.

Old man: Young man:

? There was a church. ~ Well, there's still a church.

? You could see fields. ~ You can't see them any more. Now it's just houses.

 

1 Children played there. ~ Not now.....................

2 Boats came along the river. ~ Oh, ............... . Look at them.

3 The view was beautiful. ~ Well, ............... . It's awful.

4 It was our home. ~ And.......................

\ Yet, still, already, no longerand any longer/any more (A-D)

Put in already, any more, no longer, still and yet.

► It's still raining, look. How much longer can it go on?

1 The railway closed down years ago, so there's……………………. a railway station here.

2 They want to build a new hotel here, but they haven't got permission .…………………

3 Rita isn't going out with Nick. She told him she didn't want to see him…………………… __

4 Those people moved here only three months ago, and they're…………………..leaving.


 

115 Adverbs of degree, e.g. very, quite

Laura is a bittired. She's been Mark is quitetired. He's been Sarah is verytired. She's had to

working all morning. working all day. work late at the office.

An adverb of degree makes the meaning weaker or stronger. Here are some more examples.

small decree (weaker) medium degree large degree (stronger)

a little late fairlyunusual absolutelysure reallyill

slightly complicated prettygood completelymad

rather nice extremelycold

B Very cold, quite quickly, etc

An adverb of degree (e.g. very) goes before an adjective (e.g. cold)or an adverb (e.g. quickly).

ADVERB + ADJECTIVE ADVERB + ADVERB

It's very cold today. The time passed quite quickly.

Rita looked rather upset.We go on holiday fairly soon.

This dress is absolutely marvellous.United played extremely well.

Before a comparative we can use a bit, a little, a lot, far, much, ratherand slightly.See also Unit 112B. I'm feeling a lot bettertoday. These new trains go much faster.

C Really hurting, quite enjoys, etc

Some adverbs of degree can describe a verb.

They usually go in mid position (close to the verb — see Unit 113B).

My foot is really hurting.Laura quite enjoysshopping. I rather likethis cake. Some adverbs of degree go at the end ol a sentence when they describe a verb. They are a bit, a little, a lot, awfully, muchand terribly.

Mark travels a lot. I'll openthe window a little.The animals suffer terribly.

Absolutely, completelyand totallycan go in mid position or at the end. We completelylost our way/We lost our way completely.I'm afraid I totallydisagree./I'm afraid I disagree totally.

D Much

Now look at these sentences.

Positive: I like this town very much,not I like this town much

Negative: / don't like this town very much,or I don't like this town much.

In a positive statement we use very much.In a negative statement we can use either very muchor much.

116 More about quiteand rather117 Tooand enough


 

115 Exercises

1 Very, quite, a bit,etc (A) Write sentences using one of the phrases in brackets.


► (quite hungry or very hungry?) He's quite hungry. 3 ……………… (quite strong or very strong?)

1 (a bit busy or very busy?) ……………………….. 4 ………… (fairly happy or extremely happy?)

2 (a bit thirsty or really thirsty?) ............

2 Very, quiteand a bit(A)

Put in very, quite or a bit.

► The bus service is all right. The buses are quite frequent.

1 I couldn't sleep because of the awful noise. The disco was…………. noisy.

2 The weather was OK - at least it didn't rain. It was ................ good.

3 The train was almost on time. It was just………….. late.

4 Someone paid a great deal of money for the house. It was………….. expensive.

5 There were some very small traces of mud on the boots. They were………….. .. dirty.

6 There was a medium amount of traffic on the road. It was…………….busy.

Предыдущая статья:G Sentence adverbs Следующая статья:Quite and rather
page speed (0.0247 sec, direct)