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G Sentence adverbs  Просмотрен 864

A sentence adverb is a word or phrase like certainly, perhaps, luckily, of course.It says something about the situation described in the sentence. The adverb can go in front, mid or end position. Sometimes we put a comma after or before the adverb, especially in front or end position.

Fortunately, the weather stayed fine. Maybeyou'll win a free holiday.

We'll probablyhave to queue for tickets. Rachel was late, of course.In a negative sentence, probablyand certainlycome before won't, didn't,etc.

We probably won't get there in time. I certainlydidn't expect a present!

Alsousually goes in mid position, but tooand as wellgo in end position.

Melanie bakes lovely cakes. She alsomakes bread./She makes bread, too/as well.

H End position

There can be more than one adverb or adverbial phrase in end position. Usually a single-word adverb (e.g. safely)comes before a phrase (e.g. on a small airfield).

They landed safely on a small airfield.I always eat here at lunch-time.

When there is a close link in meaning between a verb and an adverb, then that adverb goes next to the verb. For example, with verbs of movement like go, comeand move,a phrase of place comes before time.

I usually go to bed early.

Tom came here yesterday.

My parents moved to London in 1993.

But often two adverbial phrases can go in either order. The concert was held at the arts centre last night.The concert was held last night at the arts centre.


113 Exercises

1 Adverbs (A-B)

Read each sentence and write down the word which is an adverb.

► I'm just finishing an interesting article in this magazine, just

1 We have to leave our dirty shoes outside.

2 Perhaps you have to type a password into the computer.

3 Someone always leaves this door open.

4 Obviously we aren't going to go for a walk in the rain.

5 The car rolled silently down the hill.

6 Your friend Andrew works hard, doesn't he?

2 Adverbs and their position (A-B)

Read this true story. Some adverbs are underlined.

Say if their position is front, mid or end.

Once a man called Alvin decided to rob a bank in Montgomery, Alabama. Alvin's parents had often told him that good manners were important. So Alvin went to the bank and stood in line. He waited patiently Soon it was his turn. He dramatically pulled out a gun and threatened the cashier. She politely told him tl he was in the wrong line and should go to another counter. Alvin immediately went to the correct place a stood in line again. Suddenly the police rushed in and arrested him. Alvin was amazed. They'd caught hir before he'd even done the robbery. The moral of the story is that you shouldn't always do what your pare: tell you.

ADVERB POSITION ADVERB POSITION

► once front

1 often 6 immediately

2 patiently 7 again

3 soon 8 suddenly

4 dramatically 9 even

5 politely 10 always

3 Mid position (B)

Complete the conversations using the words in brackets. Put the adverbs in the best place.

► Emma: Did you know the man who tried to steal your bag? (certainly / recognize / would)
Vicky: No, but I would certainly recognize him again.

1 David: That was a goal, wasn't it? (clearly / crossed)

Tom: Yes, the ball.................. the line.

2 Mark: The weather is a lot better today, (probably / rain / will)

Sarah: It said on the radio it...........................

later.

3 Tom: How do we get to Mike's place? (didn't / fully / understand)

Nick: I don't know. I................... the directions.

4 Harriet: It's quiet here today, isn't it? (usually / are)

Laura: Yes, the neighbours ...................... out on a Sunday

5 Emma: Have you been to this place before? (it / occasionally / visited)

Matthew: Yes, I........................ as a child

6 Alan: Did the computers crash this morning? (soon / were / working)

Mark: Yes, but they................................ again.

7 Melanie: Your friend's late, Vicky, (forgotten / has / obviously)

Vicky: Rachel......................... ... that we arranged to go out.


4 Adverbs of frequency (B, F)

Look at what people are saying and write the information in one sentence.

Put the adverb or adverbial phrase in mid or end position. Choose the best position.

? Vicky: I lose my way in London. It always happens.
Vicky always loses her way in London.

? Laura: The birds wake me up. It happens every morning.
The birds wake Laura up every morning.

 

1 David: It rains when I'm on holiday. Well, usually.

2 Rita: My friend visits me. She comes most weekends.

3 Mark: I get a pay rise.

I get one every year.

4 Rachel: I don't check my work. 1 never do that.

5 Adverbs and word order (A-G)

Put the words in the right order and write the statements. Sometimes there is more than one possible order.

► cleaned / every day / is / the office The office is cleaned every day.

1 always / I've / known / your secret

2 afford / can't / certainly / a new car / we

3 didn't / far / the tourists / walk

4 carefully / cut / the paper / Tom

5 also / can / Natasha / play / the violin

6 I / most days / read / the newspaper

6 Adverbs in end position (H)

Complete these sentences from a newspaper. Put the words and phrases in the best order.

► The Queen has visited the show regularly since 1985 (regularly / since 1985).

1 The President died ……………………………………………………(at his home / peacefully).

2 The protesters marched .………………………………………….(through the streets / yesterday).

3 The Prime Minister went............... ……………………..(last year / to Greece).

4 Henry likes Rome. He spent a week.............. ……………………(in June / there).

7 Adverbs and word order (A-H)

Read the postcard from Olivia to her friend Kirsty and write the sentences. Put the adverbs in the best place.

(►)Thank you for having us (last weekend). (1) We had a lovely time (in the country). (2) We arrived home at about eight (safely). (3) You must come and visit us (before too long). (4) It's nice to see you and Tony (always). (5) You'll be able to come in the new year (maybe). (6) We'll see you (sometime).

Thank you for having us last weekend.

1 2 3 4 5 6


 


114 Yet, still and already

Yetmeans that we are expecting something. (It's the time to book a holiday.)

Stillmeans 'going on longer than expected'. (It's late to be thinking about a holiday.)

Alreadymeans 'sooner than expected'. (It's early to have had a holiday.)

B Yet

Yetusually goes at the end of a negative statement or a question.

Vicky has got a present, but she hasn't opened it yet.Wait a minute. I'm not ready yet.Have they sent you your cheque yet?~ No, not yet.I should get it next week.

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