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A Friendly, likely, etc  Просмотрен 857

The ending lyis the normal adverb ending (see Unit 108). But a few adjectives also end in ly.Melanie was very friendly. Itwas a livelyparty. We had a lovelytime.

Some more examples are: elderly, likely, lonely, silly, ugly

The words are adjectives, not adverbs (not She-spoke to us friendly). And we cannot add ly.There is no such word as friendlily. But we can say in a friendly way/manner.

She spoke to us ina friendly way.If we need to use an adverb, we often choose another word of similar meaning.

It was lovely.Everything went beautifully.

B Hard, fast, etc

Compare these sentences.


We did some hardwork. We worked hard.

I came on the fasttrain. The train went quite fast.

We can use these words both as adjectives and as adverbs:

deep, early, fast, hard, high, late, long, low, near, right, straight, wrong(For hardly, nearly,etc, see C.

In informal English, the adjectives cheap, loud, quickand slowcan be adverbs.


They sell cheapclothes in the market. They sell things cheap/cheaply there.

Back already! That was quick.Come as quick/quickly as you can.

C Hard, hardly, near, nearly, etc

There are some pairs of adverbs like hardand hardlywhich have different meanings.

Here are some examples.

/ tried hard,but I didn't succeed.

I've got hardlyany money left, {hardly any = very little, almost none)

Luckily I found a phone box quite near. I nearlyfell asleep in the meeting, {nearly = almost)

Rachel arrived late,as usual. I've been very busy lately,{lately = in the last few days/weeks)

The plane flew highabove the clouds. The material is highlyradioactive, {highly = very)

We got into the concert free,{free = without paying)

The animals are allowed to wander freely,{freely = uncontrolled)

D Good and well

Goodis an adjective, and wellis its adverb. The opposites are badand badly.


Natasha is a goodviolinist. She plays the violin very well.

Our test results were good. We all did wellin the test.

I had a badnight. I slept badlylast night.

Wellcan also be an adjective meaning 'in good health', the opposite of ill.

My mother was very ill,but she's quite wellagain now. How are you? ~ Very well,thank you.

109 Exercises

Friendly, hard, hardly,etc (A-C)

Decide if each underlined word is an adjective or an adverb.

? That new building is rather ugly.


? I'd like to arrive early if I can. adverb


1 1 haven't seen you for a long time.

2 Why are you wearing that silly hat?

3 Very young children travel free.

4 The temperature is quite high today.

5 We nearly missed the bus this morning

6 Do you have to play that music so loud?

2 Friendly, hard, hardly,etc (A-C)

Complete the conversation. Decide if you need ly with the words in brackets.

Mark: How did you get on with Henry today?

Sarah: Oh, we had a nice lunch and some (►) lively (live)conversation. Henry was charming, as usual.

He gave me a lift back to the office, but it was (1)………………. (hard) worth risking our lives to

save a few minutes. He (2)....................... (near) killed us.

Mark: What do you mean?

Sarah: Well, we'd sat a bit too (3)………………... (long) over our meal, and we were

(4)……………………..(late) getting back to work. Henry drove very (5)………… (fast). I tried

(6) ………………..... (hard) to keep calm, but I was quite scared. We went (7)…………… (wrong)

and missed a left turn, and Henry got annoyed. Then a van came round the corner, and it was
coming (8)……….......... (straight) at us. I don't know how we missed it.

Mark: Well, I'm glad you did. And next time you'd better take a taxi.

3 Goodand well (D)

Complete the conversation.

Put in good, well (x2), bad, badly and ill.

Rachel: How did you and Daniel get on in your tennis match?

Matthew: We lost. I'm afraid we didn't play very (►) well. Daniel made some (1)……………. mistakes.

It wasn't a very (2)…………… day for us. We played really (3)………………………

Andrew: I heard Daniel's in bed at the moment because he isn't very (4)………………
Matthew: Yes, I'm afraid he's been (5)………….... for several days, but he's better now.

4 Friendly, hard, hardly,etc (A-D)

Complete the conversation. Choose the correct form.

Daniel: Is it true you saw a ghost last night?

Vicky: Yes, I did. I went to bed (►) late/lately, and I was sleeping (1) bad/badly. I suddenly woke up in

the middle of the night. I went to the window and saw the ghost walking across the lawn. Daniel: Was it a man or a woman? Vicky: A woman in a white dress. I had a (2) good/well view from the window, but she walked very (3) fast/fastly. She wasn't there very (4) long/longly. I'd (5) hard/hardly caught sight of her before she'd gone. I (6) near/nearly missed her. Daniel: You don't think you've been working too (7) hard/hardly? You've been looking a bit pale (8) late/lately.

Vicky: I saw her, I tell you. Daniel: It isn't very (9) like/likely that ghosts actually exist, you know. I expect you were imagining it.

Test 18 Adjectives and adverbs (Units 104-109)

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