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Test 17E   766

Each of these sentences has a mistake in it. Write the correct sentence. ► I didn't want the fridge so I sold him. I didn't want the fridge, so I sold it.

1 It's-a-train leaving in ten-minutes,

2 I think someone-are coming-up the stairs.

3 Let's meet ourselves at-eight-oclock shall-we?

4 We haven't get-a-camcorder-but -we'd-like a.

5 Let's do a different something today.

6 One is going to build a new motorway-through here.

7 I'm-afraid I haven't done something-all -day.

8 Everyone enjoyed themself at the barbecue.

9 If youre buying a loaf of bread, get a nice fresh

10 10 I've looked in-all-places for my-credit card.

11 The two friends-still- see themselves-occasionally.


104 Adjectives



A Introduction

Henry and Claire are having dinner in a quietrestaurant. It's a warmevening. The food is delicious.Henry is feeling romantic.

An adjective is a word like quiet, warm, delicious, romantic.The word quietdescribes the restaurant. It tells us what the restaurant is like.


B Word order

There are two places where we can use an adjective:

before a noun {a quiet restaurant) and after a linking verb (feeling romantic).

BEFORE A NOUN AFTER A LINKING VERB

Claire's got a new car.Claire's car is new.

It was a dark night. It was getting dark.

This is good coffee.This coffee tastes good.

Some linking verbs are: appear, be, become, feel, get, look, seem, smell, stay, taste

We can use two or more adjectives together (see Unit 105).

It's a quiet littlerestaurant. Mike was wearing a dirty oldcoat.

We can put a word like veryor quitebefore an adjective.

It was a very darknight. Henry was feeling quite romantic.Veryand quiteare adverbs of degree (see Unit 115).

c Adjectives used in one position only

We can use most adjectives in both positions - before a noun or after a linking verb. But a few adjectives can go in one position but not in the other.

Here are some examples of adjectives which can only go before a noun. Be careful crossing the mainroad. The onlyproblem is I've got no money. Chess is an indoorgame. The formerfootballer now trains young players.

Some more examples are: chief(= main), elder(= older), eldest(= oldest), inner, outdoor, outer, principal(= main), upper

Here are some examples of adjectives which can only go after a linking verb. At last the baby is asleep.Emma's two brothers are very alike.I'm really pleasedto see you. Vicky looked ill,I thought.

Some more examples are: afraid, alone, ashamed, awake, alive, content(= happy), fine(= in good health), glad, unwell, well

82 Two nouns together, e.g. a colour photo108 Adjective or adverb?


1 Adjectives (A) Look at the pictures and write a phrase with an adjective and noun. Use these nouns: building, car, cat, chairs, music, power, skirt, weather

 


104 Exercises

? a long skirt 3 .....................

? cold weather 4 ...................

 

1. .. 5 ..

2. .. 6 .

Adjectives (A-B)

Underline all the adjectives in this description of a hotel.

This comfortable hotel with its pleasant gardens is ideal for people who want a quiet holiday, yet it is only a short distance from the highly popular attractions of the area. There are lovely views from every room. The atmosphere is very friendly, and the staff are always helpful. A holiday here is very good value for money. You can eat your meals at the hotel, where the food tastes marvellous. Or you can of course try some of the excellent local restaurants.

3 Adjectives used in one position only (C)

Look at the notes and write the song titles. Sometimes the adjective comes before the noun, and sometimes you need to use ;5 or are.

? your sister / elder Your elder sister

? this boy / alone This boy is alone

 

1 the world / asleep

2 my desire / chief

3 my heart / content

4 the thing to remember / main

5 the night / alive

6 secrets / inner

the girl tor me / only


105 The order of adjectives

A Introduction



 


 


It's beautiful sunnyweather.


Nick has got a big blackdog.


We can use more than one adjective before a noun. There is usually one correct order. We cannot say sunny beautiful weather or a-black big dog


B Adjectives and nouns

We sometimes use two nouns together (see Unit 82).

a glass doora computer program

Here we use glass like an adjective, to describe the door. When we use another adjective as well (e.g. heavy), it comes before both the nouns.

a heavyglass door a usefulcomputer program

C Word order

We order adjectives according to their meaning. This is the normal order:

EXAMPLES

GROUP

wonderful, nice, great, awful, terrible Adjectives that say how good large, small, long, short, tall and how big come first.
quiet, famous, important, soft, wet, difficult, fast, angry, warm new, old red, blue, green, black American, British, French stone, plastic, steel, paper an electrickettle, politicalmatters, roadtransport a breadknife, a bathtowel
Most adjectives come next if they do not belong to another group.
Some of these are nouns.

1 Opinion (how good?)

2 Size (how big?)

3 Most other qualities

4 Age (how old?)

5 Colour

6 Origin (where from?)

7 Material (made of?)

8 Type (what kind?)

9 Purpose (what for?)

Here are some examples.

a small greeninsect (size, colour) Japanese industrial designers (origin, type) a wonderful new facecream (opinion, age, purpose) awful plastic souvenirs (opinion, material) a long boring trainjourney (size, quality, type) some nice easy quizquestions (opinion, quality, purpose) a beautiful wooden pictureframe (opinion, material, purpose)

We sometimes put commas between adjectives in Groups 1-3 a horrible, uglybuilding a busy, lively, excitingcity


 


105 Exercises

1 The order of adjectives (A-C) Describe the pictures. Use these words: boots, building, car, seat, singer

big leather boots

1. .. 3 .

2. .. 4

2 The order of adjectives (A-C)

Write a list of things to be sold at an auction.

► basin / sugar, antique, silver an antique silver sugar basin

1 vase / glass, old, lovely

2 mirror / wall, attractive

3 desk / modern, office

4 chairs / kitchen, red, metal

5 boat / model, splendid, old

6 stamps / postage, valuable, Australian

7 table / small, coffee, wooden

3 The order of adjectives (A-C)

Look at each advertisement and write the information in a single sentence.

► This game is new. It's for the family. And it's exciting.
This is an exciting new family game.

1 This computer is for business. It's Japanese. And it's powerful.

2 This fire is electric. It's excellent. And it's small.

3 This is a chocolate bar. It's new. And it's a big bar.

4 This comedy is American. It's for television. And it's terrific.

5 These doors are aluminium. They're for your garage. And they're stylish.

6 These shoes are modern. They're for sports. And they're wonderful.
This phone is a mobile. It's German. And it's very good.


 

106 The old, the rich, etc

There are some adjectives that we can use with theto talk about groups of people in society, e.g. the disabled, the blind.Here are some more examples.

What can we do to feed the hungry? The richcan afford to pay more taxes.

The young are usually keen to travel. It is our duty to care for the sick.

B What adjectives can we use?

These are some of the adjectives and other words that we can use in a phrase with the.

To do with social or economic position:

the disadvantaged, the homeless, the hungry, the poor, the privileged, the rich, the starving,

the strong, the underprivileged, the unemployed, the weak

To do with physical condition or health:

the blind, the deaf, the dead, the disabled, the handicapped, the living, the sick

To do with age:

the elderly, the middle-aged, the old, the over-sixties, the under-fives, the young

We can sometimes use an adverb before the adjective.

The very poor are left without hope. The severely disabledneed full-time care. There are some adjectives in this structure that normally have an adverb.

The less fortunate cannot afford to go on holiday.

Should the mentally illbe allowed to live in the community?

C The young or the young people?

The youngmeans 'young people in general'.

The young have their lives in front of them. When we mean a specific person or a specific group of people, then we use man, woman, people,etc.

There was a young manstanding on the corner.

I know the young womanin reception. She lives in our street.

None of the young peoplein the village can find jobs here.


 

106 Exercises

1 The old, the rich, etc (A) Write in the missing words. Use the and these adjectives: homeless, hungry, old, sick, unemployed, young

► Better education for the young 3 Better hospitals for

1 Food for 4 Jobs for

2 Homes for 5 Better pensions for

The old, the rich, etc (A-B)

Rewrite the sentences using a phrase with the and an adjective instead of the underlined phrases.

People who have lots of money have comfortable lives.
The rich have comfortable lives.

1 We live near a special school for people who can't hear.

2 The old soldiers were holding a service for those who had died.

3 The government should do more for people who do not have enough money.

4 I'm doing a course on caring for people who are mentally handicapped.

3 The young or the young people? (C)

Complete these sentences from a newspaper. Use the adjectives in brackets. Put in e.g. the hungry or the hungry people.

? Rich nations can afford to feed the hungry (hungry).

? The homeless people (homeless) whose story appeared in this paper last week have
now found a place to live.

1 ..... (sick) need to be looked after, so money must be spent on hospitals.

2 Some of ..................... (young) at the youth club here are running in a marathon.

3 Life must be hard for....... (unemployed) in our society today.

4 What is the government doing to help....................... (poor)?

5 There was a fire at a nursing home in Charles Street, but none of. (old)
who live there were hurt.

6 (homeless) usually have great difficulty in getting a job.

7 There is a special television programme for............. .(deaf) every Sunday morning.


 :Everyone, something, etc  :Shocking.
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