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Everyone, something, etc   710

AIntroduction

Look at these examples.

Everyone enjoyed the show. It was a great success.

The police searched the house but found nothing.

Let's find somewhereto eat.

Nobody came into the shop all afternoon. With every, someand no,we can form words ending in one, body, thingand where.

everyone!everybody = all the people everything = all the things everywhere = (in) all the places
someone/somebody = a person something = a thing somewhere (in) a place

no one/nobody = no person nothing /'nA0irj/ = no things nowhere = (in) no places

Words ending in thingcan also mean actions or ideas. Something awful has happened. You must tell me everything.

B Someoneand anyone,etc

We can also form words with any: anyone, anybody, anything, anywhere.

For someand anysee Unit 94A.

Positive: There's someone in the phone box.

Negative: I looked round the shops, but I didn't buy anything.

Question: Has anyone seen today's newspaper?

Offer/Request: Could you do something for me, please?

We can also use words with anyin a positive sentence.

This door is always left open. Anyone could just walk in here.

Where shall we go? ~ Anywhere. I don't mind.

In these sentences anyonemeans 'it doesn't matter who', and anywheremeans 'it doesn't matter where'. For more details about anysee Unit 94C.

C Singular and plural

We use a singular verb after everyone, something, anything,etc.

Everywhere was very crowded. No one knowshow to start the motor. After words with oneor body,we normally use they/them/their,even though the verb is singular.

Everyone is having theirlunch. Nobodywants to have theircoffee yet. We can also use he, she, him, her, his,etc with someone/somebodywhen we know the person's sex.

Someone left their/herhandbag behind.

D Other structures

After everyone, something,etc we can use an adjective.

Let's go somewhere nice.Is there anything interestingin that magazine?

We can also use else.

We always play Scrabble. Let's play something else.{= a different game) Henry wore a suit, but everyone elsehad jeans on. (= all the other people)

Words ending in oneand bodyhave a possessive form (with 's).

Someone's cat is on our roof. I need to be informed about everybody'splans.

page 380 Someplace,etc in American English


103 Exercises

Everyone, something,etc (A)

Complete the conversations. Put in the correct words. ► Melanie: Did you say you found something in the street? David: Yes, a diamond ring.

1 Nick: We all know the man is a thief, don't we?

Tom: Yes,. knows, but.

dares to say so publicly.

2 Mark: Were there any calls for me?

Secretary: Yes, ..rang while you were out. It was rather strange. He refused to give
his name, but he wants to discuss................ .. with you.

3 Melanie: Do you have any plans for the summer?

Tom: I'd like to go away if I can.. I know has invited

me to his villa in Portugal, so I may go there.

4 Daniel: Has Matthew got a job yet?

Emma: No, but he's looked .. He's been to all the job agencies. He hates the
idea of sitting around doing ................. .

2 Someoneand anyone,etc (B)

Put in someone, anyone, something, anything, somewhere or anywhere. Rachel: Have you seen my calculator? I can't find it (►) anywhere.

Vicky: No, I haven't. Perhaps (1)................ 's borrowed it.

Rachel: I haven't given (2) ............ permission to borrow it.

It must be (3)in this room.

Vicky: Things are in such a mess. It could be (4)..........

Rachel: I know. I can never find (5).............. .. when I want it.

Vicky: We'll have to do (6) about this mess. We'd better tidy it up.

3 Singular and plural (C)

Choose the correct form.

► We had to wait because someone had lost its/their ticket.

1 One of the policemen had injured his/their arm.

2 One of the guests had brought something wrapped in brown paper. She put it/them on the table.

3 No one likes/like going to the dentist, do he/they?

4 Everyone have/has to leave his/their bags outside.

4 Other structures (D)

Rewrite the sentences using a phrase with everyone, someone, something, nothing and somewhere instead of the phrases in brackets.

? I'd like to buy (a nice thing).

I'd like to buy something nice.

? Let's go (to another place), shall we? Let's go somewhere else, shall we ?

► I'll try to remember (the name of everyone). I'll try to remember everyone's name.

1 1 once met (a famous person)................................

2 (A person's car) is blocking me in...........................

3 I've got (a different thing) to tell you.......................

4 We know (the opinions of all the people).................

5 (All the other people) except you are going. .........................

6 (No exciting things) ever happen here. .................


TEST 17 Pronouns (Units 98-103)

Test17A

A group of friends are going on a coach trip together. They're meeting at the coach stop. Complete the

conversation. Put in a personal pronoun (I, me, you, etc) or a reflexive pronoun (myself, yourself, etc).

Polly: Where's Martin?

Rupert: He's ill. I spoke to (►) him yesterday. He was feeling a bit sorry for (1)..

Polly: Oh, poor Martin. And what about the twins?

Peter: (2) ..came with Janet and me. (3)............... ...gave (4) a lift.

Janet: Yes, the twins came with (5)........................ in the car.

Tessa: I hope they're going to behave (6)...............

Janet: Oh, I'm sure they will.

Rupert: (7). '11 be nice to have a day out. (8).... say it's going to stay sunny.

Polly: I'm sure we'll all enjoy (9)..........

Peter: Where's Anna?

Tessa: Oh, she's here somewhere. I spoke to (10)....................... .

a moment ago.

She was standing right next to (11)............

Test 17B

Decide which word is correct.

► I can't go to a party. I haven't got anything to wear.

a) anything b) everything c) something d) nothing

1 Take care, won't you, Anna? Look after ................

a) you b) your c) yours d) yourself

2 Yes, would be lovely to see you again.

a) it b) that c) there d) you

3 If you want some apples, I'll get you................ at the shop.

a) any b) it c) one d) some

4 We've brought some food with.................

a) me b) ourselves c) us d) we

5 Who does this CD belong to? ~................. I've just bought it.

a) I b) Me c) Mine d) Myself

6 The shop doesn't sell new books. It on\y sells old............

a) of them b) ones c) some d) them

7 Is .. ........... a post office near here, please?

a) here b) it c) there d) this

8 The two girls often wear ........................ clothes.

a) each other b) each other's c) themselves d) themselves'

9 Have you had enough to eat, or would you like something ?
a) another b) else c) new d) other

Test17C

Use a pronoun instead of the words in brackets.

► Michelle is in hospital. She (Michelle) isn't very well.

1 I lost my watch, but it was only a cheap................. (watch).

2 I have to make tea for........... (all the people).

3 Tessa took a photo of ..................... (Tessa).

4 My flat is the .. (flat) at the top.


5 The phone rang. ........................ (The caller) was Alex.

6 There was ............... (a thing) worrying me.

7 I've got some sweets. Would you like ................... (a sweet)?

8 (People in general) can't make an omelette without breaking eggs.

9 We decorated the whole house .............. . (without help).

 :Each other (B)  :Test 17E
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