Всего на сайте:
303 тыс. 117 статей

Главная | Изучение языков

Every, each, whole, both, either and neither  Просмотрен 628

A Every and each

We use everyand eachbefore a singular noun to talk about a whole group.

The police questioned every person/each personin the building.

Every room/Each room has a number. In many contexts either word is possible, but there is a difference in meaning.

EVERY EACH

Every person means 'all the people', 'everyone'. Each person means all the people seen as

individuals, one by one.

Every guest watched as the President came in. Each guest (in turn) shook hands with him.

I go for a walk every day. Each day seemed to pass very slowly.

Everymeans three or more, usually a large Eachis more usual with smaller groups and can

number. mean only two.

There were cars parked along every streetin There were cars parked along each sideof the

town. (= all the streets) street. (= both sides)

We can use each(but not every)on its own or with of.

There are six flats. Eachhas its own entrance, not Every has...

Each of the six flats has its own entrance, not Every of the ... We can also say Each one/Every one has its own entrance.

We can also use eachin mid position (see Unit 113B) or after a pronoun. We've each got our own desk. They gave us eacha desk.

Compare everyand allbefore day, morning, week,etc. I travel every day.(= Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday,...) I was travelling all day.(= from morning till evening)

B Whole

We use wholebefore a singular noun. It means 'all' or 'complete'. The baby cried the whole time.(= all the time) I've spent my whole lifewaiting for this moment.

(= all my life) We'll need a whole loafto make sandwiches for everyone.

C Both, either and neither

We use both, eitherand neitherfor two things.

I've got two bicycles. Bothof them are quite old. I've given up cycling, so I don't ride eitherof them any more. Neitherof them is in very good condition, I'm afraid.

Bothmeans 'the one and the other'. We can use it in the following structures.

We had two letters this morning, and both letters/both the letters/both of the letters/both of themare bills We can also use bothin mid position (see Unit 113B) or after a pronoun.

The letters are bothbills. I've opened them both.

Eithermeans 'the one or the other', and neithermeans 'not the one or the other'. I haven't met either twin/either of the twins/either of them.

Neither shoe fits/Neither of the shoes fit(s)/'Neither of themfit(s).

We can use both, eitherand neitheron their own.

The store has two lifts, and bothare out of order/neitheris working.


97 Exercises

1 Every and each (A)

Complete the dialogue. Put in every or each. Sometimes both are possible.

Laura: It's a lot bigger than your last house, isn't it? Did you say there are four people living here?

Natasha: Yes, and we (►)each have our own bedroom.

Laura: Does (1)............... person pay a quarter of the rent?

Natasha: That's right. On the first of (2) …………………month.

Laura: It must be fantastic for parties.

Natasha: Yes, it is. We don't have one (3)………………..week, but almost!

Laura: Isn't that rather expensive?

Natasha: Not if (4)……………. guest brings something to eat or drink! Anyway, there'll be no more parties

until our exams are over. We're spending (5)…………… moment revising.

2 Every, all and whole (A-B)

Put in every, all or the whale and the word in brackets. Sometimes more than one answer is possible.

► Melanie is a religious person. She goes to church every Sunday (Sunday).

1 The weather has been awful today. It's been raining....... ……………….. (day).

2 I just can't sleep. I spent..................... (night) lying awake.

3 Sarah gets the train at half past seven………………………. (morning).

4 It's eleven o'clock. Are you going to lie in bed…………………………(morning)?

5 Last Saturday Trevor spent ............... (day) putting up some shelves.

6 Why are you in such a hurry................... (time) I see you?

3 Both, either and neither (C)

There are two pubs in Brickfield, The White Horse and The Ship. Look at the information and then write the sentences. Use both of them, one of them or neither of them.


Предыдущая статья:All, half, most, some, no and none Следующая статья:The Ship
page speed (0.0527 sec, direct)