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A lot of, lots of, many, much, (a) few and (a) little  Просмотрен 2022

AIntroduction

A lot of, lots of, manyand muchmean a large quantity.

Ron Mason owns a chain of supermarkets. He's made a lotof money. A fewand a littlemean a small quantity.

I'd better hurry. My bus goes in a few minutes.

Manyand afew go before plural nouns. Muchand a littlego before uncountable nouns

many places many problems muchmoney muchtrouble

a few people a few buildings a littlesunshine a littlefood

A lot ofand lots ofgo before both plural and uncountable nouns.

a lotof tourists lotsof games a lotof sugar lotsof fun

We use these words without a noun if it is clear what we mean.

I take photos, but not as many as I used to. At one time I took a lot.Note that we say a lotwithout of.

B A lot of, manyand much

As a general rule, we use a lot ofand lots ofin positive statements and manyand muchin negatives and questions.

Positive: We get a lotof storms here. We get a lotof rain here.

Negative: We don't get many storms here. We don't get muchrain here. Questions: Do you get many storms here? Do you get muchrain here? How many eggs do we need? How muchsalt do we put in?

We use manyor much(not a lot of)after too, soand as.

There are toomany cars. I've got so muchwork. I haven't got as muchmoney as you.

In formal English, we can sometimes use manyand muchin a positive statement. Many students have financial problems. There is muchenthusiasm for the idea. But this is less usual in conversation, where we normally use a lot ofor lots of.

In informal English, you may hear a lotof in a negative or a question.

I don't have many friends/a lotof friends. Do you eat muchfruit/a lotof fruit?

C Fewand littlewith and without a

With athe meaning is positive.

Without athe meaning is negative.

A few customers have come into the shop. It has Few customers have come into the shop. It has

been fairly busy. been quiet.

Vicky has made a littleprogress and so is feeling Vicky has made littleprogress and so is not

quite pleased. feeling very pleased.

A few customers ~ some customers, a small few customers - not many customers
number of customers

A little progress = some progress, a small amount Little progress = not much progress
of progress

Few and little(without a)can be rather formal. In informal speech we can use these structures. Not many customers have come in. Vicky hasn't made muchprogress. Only a fewcustomers have come in. Vicky has made only a littleprogress.


95 Exercises

1 A lot of, lots of, many, much, a few and a little (A)

Write the sentences correctly.

► Mark was only spending one night away. He -quickly put a little things into a bag He quickly put a few things into a bag.

1 Rachel is learning to drive. She hasn't had much lessons yet.

2 I'm making soup for twenty people, I'll have to make a lot-of.

3 I feel really tired. 1 haven't got many energy.

4 The mixture looks rather dry. Maybe you should add a few water.

5 We're having a big party. We've invited-a lots of friends.

2 A lot of, many and much (A-B)

Complete the conversation.

Put in a lot of, many or much. More than one answer may be correct. Matthew: There are (►)a lot of athletes taking part in the International Games in London.

There's been (1)........................ coverage in the papers.

Daniel: Our runners haven't won (2) ...................... medals, have they?

Matthew: No, not as (3)………………………. as last time. But there's plenty of time.

There are still (4)……………………… events to come. I'd like to go and see some

of the track events, but I haven't got (5)…………………….. ... time at the moment.

Daniel: No, not with exams coming up. Matthew: I'm hoping to go at the weekend if I can get a ticket.

Apparently there aren't (6)............ …….. seats left.

Daniel: I've heard the cheapest tickets are £25.1 think that's too (7)

3 A few, few, a little and little (C)

Put in a few, few, a little or little.

? I don't think I can lift this box on my own. I need a little help.

? Few tourists visited Northern Ireland in the 1980s because of the terrorism there.

 

1 The postman doesn't often come here. We receive .……………………………… letters.

2 The snow was quite deep.

There seemed.................. hope of completing our journey.

3 Trevor isn't finding it easy to fix the shelves. He's having........ ……………………….. trouble.

4 Sarah is exhausted. She's having......... ………… ..................... days'holiday next week.

5 David quite likes golf, but unfortunately he has……………………………….. ability.

6 I can speak…………………………………words of Swedish, but I'm not very fluent.

4 Many, few, much and little (B-C)

Complete this paragraph from a travel book. Put in many, few, much or little.

The main town on the island is very small and does not have (►) many important buildings. The islanders
do not have (1)……………. money, and they have (2)…………… contact with the outside world. There is

not (3)……………..chance of the place attracting large numbers of tourists. The roads are not very good.

There are lots of bicycles but not (4)…………… cars. And there are hardly any of the modern facilities

which visitors expect. There are (5)…………… shops, and there is (6)……………. entertainment.


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