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Some and any   682

A Basic use

Someand anygo before a plural or uncountable noun (see Unit 85A).

There was a bowl and somecornflakes on the table, but there wasn't anymilk. We can also use someand anywithout a noun.

Trevor wanted some milk, but he couldn't find any.

We normally use somein positive sentences and any innegative sentences or ones with anegative meaning.

POSITIVE NEGATIVE

There's somemilk in the fridge. I haven't anymilk. (= I have no milk.)

I need somestamps. ~ There are someI haven't got anystamps. Have you got any?

in the drawer.

I met someinteresting people last night. I never meet anyinteresting people nowadays.

We'll have somefun at Disneyland. We won't have anyfun without you.

We can also use anyin a sentence with if.

If you have anyproblems, you can discuss them with your group leaders. I can answer anyquestions. (= If there are any questions,...)

In questions we can use either someor any,but anyis more common. We don't know whether the answer will be yes or no.

Have we got anybutter? Will there be anyfood for the guests? Did you buy anyclothes?

We normally use somein offers and requests to make them sound more positive.

Would you like somecoffee? Could you post someletters for me? Wecan use somein questions when we think the answer might be yes.

Did you buy someclothes? (Perhaps I know that you went out to buy some.)

B Someone, anything,etc

We choose between someoneand anyone, somethingand anything,and somewhereand anywherein the same way as between someand any.

Someone has spilt water everywhere. Did anyonesee what happened?

Would you like somethingto eat? We haven't got anythingto eat.

Let's go out somewhere.Is there anywherewe can go?

C Another use of any

We can use anyin a positive sentence to mean 'it doesn't matter which'.

I'm free all day. Call anytime you like.

Any student will be able to tell you where the college library is.

You can buy these maps at anypetrol station. They all have them.

We say any petrol station because all petrol stations have the maps. It doesn't matter which one you go to. They are all equally good.

Look at these examples with anyone, anythingand anywhere.

It's a very simple puzzle. Anyonecould solve it. (= It doesn't matter who.) What shall we have for lunch? ~ Oh, anything.I don't mind. Where do we have to sit? ~ We can sit anywhere.It doesn't matter.

85A A/anand some103 Everyone, something, etc


 


94 Exercises

i Basic use (A) Look at the pictures and say what people have or haven't got. Use some or any. Use these words: cats, money, petrol, poison, sandwiches

? They've got some sandwiches.

? She hasn't got any money. 2

1 . 3 .

2 Basic use (A)

Justin Cooper is a radio disc jockey. Complete what he is saying. Put in some or any.

That was 'I can't find {->)any love' by Arlene Black. Now, I've had (►)some letters asking for something by
Express. One listener says she hasn't heard (1). Express songs on this programme for months.

Well, I'm going to put that right. And this will be our last track because there isn't (2) more

time left. We've had (3). great songs tonight, and I'll be here next week to play (4).

more. Now here's (5). music from Express - 'I never have (6)luck'.

3 Some, any, someone, anyone,etc (A-B)

Complete the conversations. Put in some, any, anyone, someone, something or anything.

► Trevor: We haven't got any bread.

Laura: You'd better go to the shop, then. We need some tomatoes, too.

1 Claire: Would you like ........... cheese and biscuits?

Sarah: Oh, no thank you. That was delicious, but I couldn't eat else.

2 Harriet: There's.......... at the door.

Mike: Are we expecting............... visitors?

3 Melanie: Has ...................... offered to help you with the tea?

Rita: No, but I'd be very grateful for..help you can give.

4 Vicky: I was looking for.............. , and now I can't remember what it was.
Rachel: You said you were looking for ........... matches.

4 Another use of any(C)

Put in any + noun, anyone or anything.

? The seats aren't reserved. You can have any seat you like.

? I don't mind what we do today. We can do anything you want.

 

1 If it's your party, you can invite........... you like.

2 All the buses go into the town centre. Take.. that comes along here.

3 This carpet is available in lots of colours. You can have you like.

4 My father has the television on all the time. He'll watch.

5 It doesn't matter which day you phone. Ring.. you like.


 :E A friend of mine  :A lot of, lots of, many, much, (a) few and (a) little
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