My, your, etc and mine, yours, etc 384
Mark: Why have you brought yourwork home? We're going out.
Sarah: /'// do it later. Let's go now. Shall we take mycar?
Mark: Well, I'd rather not take mine.I think there's something wrong with it.
My, mine, your,etc express possession and similar meanings. My carmeans the car belonging to me; your workmeans the work you are doing. My comes before a noun, e.g. my car.We use mineon its own.
MY, YOUR, ETC MINE, YOURS, ETC
First person singular: It's mycar. It's mine.
Second person singular: Here's yourcoat. Here's yours.
Third person singular: That's hisroom. That's his.
It's hermoney. It's hers.
The dog's got itsfood.
First person plural: That's ourtable. That's ours.
Second person plural: Are these yourtickets? Are these yours?
Third person plural: It's their camera. It's theirs.
B Itsand it's
We use itsbefore a noun to express the idea of belonging.
The street is around here somewhere, but I've forgotten itsname.
It'sis a short form of it isor it has.
I think it'stime to go. (= it is) It's got a lot colder today, hasn't it? (= it has)
C My, yourwith parts of the body and clothes
We normally use my, your,etc with parts of the body and with someone's clothes.
Emma shook herhead sadly, not
Someone came up behind me and grabbed myarm.
You must take off yourshoes before you enter a mosque. But we usually use thein the following structure with a prepositional phrase.
VERB PERSON PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE
Someone grabbed me by thearm.
The stone hit Mike on thehead.
We use ownafter my, your,etc to say that something belongs to us and to no one else. Rachel has got her owncalculator. She doesn't borrow mine, not
an-own calkulator I don't share any more. I've got a flat of my own.not of mine own