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Test 12E  Просмотрен 749

Write a second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first. Use the word in brackets.

► I wish I hadn't sold my bike, (regret)
I regret selling my bike.

1 The children were eager to see their presents, (wait)

2 I hate to get up in the dark, (stand)

3 By chance I saw your brother yesterday, (happened)

4 The shop usually opens ten minutes late, (tends)

5 Would you like to go for a walk? (fancy)

6 The police continued to watch the house, (carried)

7 Seeing Nelson Mandela will always stay in my memory, (forget)


65 Verb + object + to-infinitive or ing-form



A Introduction

Customer: None of the things I ordered have arrived. They're three weeks late. I expect the goods to arriveon time.

Mark: I'm sorry we've kept you waitingso long. Can I find out

what the problem is and then ring you back?

Some verbs can take an object + a to-infinitive, and some take an object + an ing-form.

VERB OBJECT

I expect the goods to arrive on time.

I'm sorry we've kept you waitingso long.


B Verb + object + to-infinitive

We asked the doorman to let us in. Nick couldn't persuade Rita to goout with him.

The hot weather has caused ice-cream sales to increase.

It took ages to download the pictures from the Internet.

I didn't mean my suggestion to be takenseriously. (See Unit 59A.)

Here are some verbs we can use in this structure: advise, allow, ask, beg, cause, enable, encourage, expect, force, help(see Unit 69C), intend, invite, mean(= intend), order, recommend, remind, take(time), teach, tell, warn

C Want+ object + to-infinitive

We can also use an object + a to-infinitive after want, (would) like, (would) love, (would) preferand (would) hate.

Tom wants United to win. We'd hate the house to be leftempty. We can use this structure to give an order (see Unit 50B).

I want everyone to comehere. I'd like you to listencarefully. We cannot normally use a that-clause. not I want that everyone comes here.

D Verb + object + ing-form

Andrew is so serious. I can't imagine him havinga good time.

Do you remember Laura takingour photo? A new law has stopped traffic goinginto the city centre.

Here are some verbs we can use in this structure: dislike, imagine, involve, keep, mind, prevent(see Unit 70C), remember, risk, stop(see Unit 70C)

E Advise, allow, encourageand recommend

We can use these verbs with an ing-form or with an object + a to-infinitive.

+ [NG-FORM + OBJECT + TO-INFINITIVE

They allow fishinghere. They allow people to fishhere.

I wouldn't recommend walkinghome alone. I wouldn't recommend you to walkhome aloni.

We do not use suggest+ an object + a to-infinitive.

I suggested to Nick (that) he should leave, not I-suggested Niek-to4eave.


65 Exercises

1 Verb + object + to-infinitive (B)

Report what people said. Use the verbs in brackets. ► Police to motorists: Take special care, (warn) The police warned motorists to take special care.

1 Guy to Kitty: Would you like to come on my chat show? (invite)

2 Sarah to Mark: Don't forget to get the theatre tickets, (remind)

3 Dentist to Daniel: You should give up eating sweets, (tell)

4 Police to gunman: Come out with your hands up. (order)

2 Wantand would like(C)

Complete the sentences using would like or don't/doesn't want.

► Mike won't wear a tie. Harriet is annoyed.

She would like him to wear a tie because they're going to a concert.

1 Mrs Miles is going to do a parachute jump, but her son and daughter don't like the idea.

They ……………………………………………………….because they think it's dangerous.

2 Henry is falling in love with Claire, but she's worried about this.

She …………………………………………………………because she doesn't find him attractive.

3 Natasha may not go on holiday with her friends.

They …………………………………………………………………because she's always good fun to be with.

3Verb + object + to-infinitive or ing-form (B, D)

Kitty Beamish is reporting what people have said to her. She combines the two sentences into one.

? 'The lorry skidded. The icy road caused it.'
The icy road caused the lorry to skid.

? 'The workers might go on strike. The company can't risk that.'
The company can’t risk the workers going on strike.

 

1 'The suspects might leave the country. The police must stop that.'

2 'Congress opposed him. The President didn't expect that.'

3 'The hostages lay down. The terrorists forced them.'

4 'The pound is falling in value. The government doesn't mind that.'

4 Advise, allow,etc (E)

Complete this paragraph from a guidebook to London. Use the to-infinitive or the ing-form.

We wouldn't recommend (►) driving (drive) into London in the rush hour.

We'd advise you (1) .................... (travel) by train.

We'd recommend (2) …………………(buy) a special saver ticket, which is cheaper than the full fare.
But the railway companies don't allow you (3)……………….. (use) saver tickets before ten o'clock.

This is to encourage people (4)................... (take) a later train, which will be less busy.


66 Question word + to-infinitive



AIntroduction

Vicky uses a question word (what)and a to-infinitive (to wear).She is talking about the best thing to do. I don't know what to wearmeans that I don't know what I should wear.

 


BStructures with what to do, where to go,etc

Before the question word we can use a verb such as ask, decide, discover, discuss, explain, find out, forget, know, learn, remember, say, think, understand, wonder.

It was a real problem. I couldn't think what to do.

We were wondering where to parkthe car.

Matthew wants to know how to workthe computer.

Have Trevor and Laura decided when to havetheir barbecue?

Sometimes there is a verb + object before the question word. In this structure we can use advise, ask, show, teachand tell.

Tom showed me how to changea wheel.

The guide didn't tell the tourists when to beback at the coach.

Before the question word we can also use the adjectives clear, obviousand sureand the expressions have an ideaand make up your mind.

I wasn't sure who to askfor help. Claire doesn't have much idea how to cook.

A preposition (e.g. of)can come before the question word. There's the question of who to inviteto the reception. You need to be informed about what to doin an emergency.

C Why, what, whose, whichand whether

We cannot use whybefore a to-infinitive.

No one could explain why we had to wait,not No-one-could- explain-why-to-wait.

After what, which, whose, how manyand how much,we can use a noun. Sarah and Mark were discussing what colour to paintthe walls. We wondered whose story to believe- both drivers said it wasn't their fault. It's difficult to know how much luggage to takewith you.

We can use whetherbut not if.

We'll have to decide whether to goahead with the project (or not).

NOT We'll have to decide if to go ahead.

Melanie wasn't sure whether to ringthe doctor or not. I was wondering whether to ordersome tea.


66 Exercises

1 Structures with what to do, where to go,etc (B)

Comment on these situations.


 


 


 


► How do I switch the computer on?


1 What should I say?


2 Where shall we go?


3 How do I stop?


► (not know) He doesn't know how to switch the computer on.

1 (can't think) .....................................

2 (not sure) ......................................

3 (not know) ............................................

2 Structures with what to do, where to go, etc (B)

Look at the questions and then complete the paragraph about a man coming out of prison. Use a question word and a to-infinitive.

► How should he start a new life? 3 How can he find somewhere to live?

1 What can he expect? 4 What should he do?

2 Where should he go? 5 Who can he contact?

This man will have problems when he leaves prison. He needs advice on (►) how to start a new life.
After a long time in prison, he isn't sure (1)……………………………….. in the outside world and he has

no idea (2) ………………………………..He doesn't know (3)............... a place to live either.

But he won't be completely alone. A social worker will advise him (4) ................... ...,

so he'll know (5) ............... if he needs help.

3Question word + to-infinitive (B-C)

You are finding it very difficult to make your mind up.

Complete your answers to the questions. Use a question word and a to-infinitive.

? Rachel: Are you going to buy that sweater?
You; I don't know whether to buy it or not.

? Tom: What time do you think we should leave?
You: I'm not really sure what time to leave.

1 Daniel: Do you want to do business studies?

You: I'm wondering................ business studies or statistics.

2 Vicky: How much money should we spend on the present?
You: I've no idea ................. on it.

3 Matthew; Do you intend to join the sports club?

You; I can't decide.................... it or not.

4 Vicky: Which route should we take?

You: It's difficult to know........................

5 Melanie: Which lottery numbers are you going to choose?
You: I haven't decided ....................


67 Adjective + to-infinitive



We can use a to-infinitive (e.g. to be)after an adjective (e.g. great).

 


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