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B Would like  Просмотрен 506

We can use would like,usually shortened to 'd like,when we ask for something.

I'd like a brochure, please. We'd like to order our drinks first. This is a more polite way of saying / want a brochure, for example.

We also use would likein offers and invitations.

Would you like a free gift? Wouldyou liketo visit the museum with us?

C Decisions and refusals

We can use willfor an instant decision or for an offer.
Decision: Tea or coffee? ~ I'll have coffee, please, (see Unit 23B)
Offer: I'll wait for you if you like. ~ Oh, thanks. I won't be long.

We use won'tand wouldn'tfor a refusal.

The strikers won'tgo back to work until they get a pay increase.

The key went in the lock, but it wouldn'tturn. I won't... is a strong refusal.

/ won't listen to any more of this nonsense.

D Shalland should

We use Shall I...? in offers and Shall we...? in suggestions.
Offer: Shall I wait for you? ~ Oh, thanks. I won't be long.

Suggestion: Shall we go to the park? ~ Good idea. We also use shallto ask for a suggestion. What shallwe have for lunch?

We use either shallor shouldto ask for advice.

I'm in terrible trouble. What shall/shouldI do? We use shouldto say what is the best thing or the right thing to do.

People shouldexercise regularly.

You shouldn'tspend all your money as soon as you've earned it.

23 Willand shall 49 Should51 Suggestions, offers and invitations


52 Exercises

1 Willand would (A-B)

Complete the conversation.

Put in will, won't, would or wouldn't.

Emma: We (►) won't be here next September. It's hard to believe, isn't it?

In a few months our student days (1).......... ……….be over.

Matthew: It (2)……………………be long now. I wish I had a job.

Then 1(3)………………know where I was going.

Emma: Who knows what the future (4)...................... bring?

Matthew: Why don't we get married, Emma? Then at least we (5)………………….be together.

Emma: I don't think so, Matthew. It (6)…………………be a good idea.

Matthew: I couldn't live without you, Emma.

Emma: I really (7)………………. like to believe you, Matthew.

2Some other uses of willand would (B-C)

Complete the conversations. Put in will, won't, would or wouldn't with these verbs: eat, give, go, help, let, like, open, stand

► Vicky: Have you noticed how thin Jessica has got?

Rachel: She's on a diet. She won't eat anything except carrots.

1 Harriet: Mike and I……………..you get everything ready.
Mike: Yes, we're quite willing to lend a hand.

2 Laura: You're late. I thought you were going to leave work early today.
Trevor: Sorry. The boss....................... me go.

3 Mark: Sarah and I ...................

you a lift, Mike.

Sarah: Yes, we're going your way.

4 Harriet: I heard Rita has quarrelled with her boyfriend.
Melanie: That's right. If he's invited to the party, she...............

5 Vicky: I've had enough of table tennis for one day.

Rachel: OK. Maybe Daniel...................... a game with me.

6 Trevor: What's wrong with the washing-machine?
Laura: When I tried to use it earlier, the door......................

7 Mike: This lamp is always falling over.
Harriet: It ........... up properly.

3 Will, would, shalland should(A-D)

What would you say? Use will, would, shall or should.

► Offer to make the tea.
Shall I make the tea ?

1 Suggest going to the swimming-pool.

2 Refuse to take any risks.

3 Say politely that you want a shower.

4 Tell someone it's best they don't decide in a hurry.

5 Predict the end of the world in the year 3000.


53 It may/could/must have been, etc

AIntroduction

Vicky, Emma and Matthew are at a club in town.

Vicky: Where's Daniel? He should have beenhere half an hour ago.

Emma: He may have gotlost. It isn't easy to find this place.

Matthew: He could have forgottenall about it, I suppose.

Emma: He can't have forgotten.We were talking about it this morning.

Matthew: Well, something must have delayedhim.

We can use a modal verb with the perfect (have+ a past participle).

We use this structure to talk about possible past events.

B May have, might haveand could have

We use these forms to say that possibly something happened in the past. He may have gotlost. (= Perhaps he has got lost.) You might have leftyour keys at work. (= Perhaps you left them at work.) Someone could have stolenthem. (= It is possible that someone stole them.)

We also use could havefor an opportunity that we didn't take or a possible result that didn't happen. We could have gone out somewhere, but we were too tired. You were very lucky. There could have beena terrible accident.


May not have, might not haveand couldn't have Compare these different uses. may/might not have Possibly something did not happen.

Daniel may not have caughtthe bus. I expect he

missed it.

(Perhaps he didn't catch it.) 7 might not have locked the door. (Perhaps I didn't lock it.)

Must haveand can't have

Mustand can'tare opposites.

MUST HAVE

My watch says it's only ten past two. It must

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