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Will be doing  Просмотрен 766



A Introduction

Rachel: Would you like to come to our party tomorrow,

Andrew? Andrew: Er, thanks for the invitation, but I've got lots of

work at the moment. I'llbe workingall day

tomorrow. Rachel: You won't be workingon Saturday evening,

surely. Come on, Andrew, take a break. We'll be

starting at about ten o'clock.

We can use will be+ an ing-form (the future continuous) to talk about future actions. There are two different uses.


B Will be doing for continuous actions

We use the future continuous for an action over a period of time.

It means that at some time in the future we will be in the middle of an action.

Andrew can t go to the party. He'll be workingall day tomorrow.

I'll be out at three o'clock. I'll be playinggolf.

When the men leave the building, the police will be waitingfor them.

What willwe be doingin ten years' time, I wonder?

Compare the past continuous (Unit 9), present continuous (Unit 4) and future continuous.
Past: This time last weekwe were sittingon the beach.

Present: At the moment we're sittingon the beach. Future: This time next week we'll be sitting on the beach.

Compare will doand will be doingin these sentences. The band will playwhen the President enters. (The President will enter and then the band will play.) The band will be playingwhen the President enters. (The band will start playing before the President enters.)

C Will be doing for single actions

We also use will be+ an ing-form for an action which will happen in the course of events because it is part of a plan or part of a schedule of future events.

The party will be startingat ten o'clock, (part of the evening's events)

The ship will be sailingsoon, (part of our journey)

More than one form is often possible. Will(Unit 23) or the present continuous (Unit 26A) often have a very similar meaning.

The visitors will be arriving/will arrive/are arrivinglater.

We often use the future continuous for something that will happen as part of a routine.

I'll call in and see you tomorrow afternoon. I'llbe passingyour house. It's on my way home from work. Trevor and Laura will be cleaningthe house tomorrow. They always do it on Sunday.

We can also use will be+ an ing-form to ask about someone's plans.

Will you be goinganywhere near a chemist's this morning? ~ Yes, why? ~ Could you get me some aspirin,

please? ~ Yes, of course. How long willyou be usingthis cotnputer? ~ You can have it in a minute.


28 Exercises

1 Will be doing (B)

Complete the conversation. Put in a pronoun and the future continuous form of the verb.

Daniel: I'm going to go into business when I leave college. Five years from now (►) I'll be running (I / run)

a big company. I expect (1)…………………………….. (I / earn) lots of money.

Vicky: I don't know what (2)……………………………… (I / do). What about you, Natasha?

What (3)................ (you / do), do you think?

Natasha: I'm too lazy to do any work. I intend to marry someone very rich.

(4)………………………………. (I / give) dinner parties all the time. We'll have a cook

(5)………………….. (who / do) all the work, of course. And you'll both get invitations.

Vicky: You're joking, aren't you, Natasha? I expect (6)………………………………..(you / play) in an

orchestra. That's what you really want to do, isn't it?

2 Will be doing (C)

Put in the answers. People are saying what they will be doing as part of their routine.

► David: When are you going to the club, do you know?
(Nick goes to the club every Friday.)

Nick: I'll be going there next Friday.

1 Vicky: Are you likely to see Ilona in the near future?
(Emma sees Ilona every day.)

Emma: .................... tomorrow.

2 Claire: Are you going to France again soon?
(Henry goes to France every summer.)

Henry: ................................

3 Jessica: When are you going to play badminton again?
(Matthew plays badminton every weekend.)

Matthew:................................

4 Andrew: When are you next having lunch in the canteen?
(Daniel has lunch in the canteen every day.)

Daniel: ....................

3 Will be doing (C)

You want to ask a friend to do something for you or to let you do something. Find out if it is convenient for your friend. Use the verbs in brackets.

► You want to have a look at your friend's magazine tonight, (read)
Willyou be reading your magazine tonight?

1 You want your friend to take your library book back today, (go to)

2 You want your friend to send your best wishes to Vicky soon, (write to)

3 You want to use your friend's calculator this afternoon, (use)

4 You want your friend to give a photo to Daniel tomorrow, (see)

5 You want your friend to give you a lift to the festival, (drive)

6 You want your friend to give a message to her sister soon, (phone)


 

29 Will have done and was going to

We use will have+ a past participle (the future perfect) for something that will be over in the future. Sarah is thinking of a future time (half past eight). At half past eight she will be able to say 'I have finished'.

Here are some more examples.

/ like looking at these pictures, but I'll have hadenough by lunch-time.

Trevor and Laura will have livedhere for four years next April.

This chess game is going to last ages. They won't have finishedit until midnight.

Will you have readthis book by the time it's due back to the library? ~ Yes. I'll have finishedit by then. We often use the future perfect with expressions of time such as by lunch-time, untilmidnight, beforethen, by the timeyou have to take it back.

We can use be going toin the past tense to express an intention in the past. Trevor intended to put the shelves up yesterday. Often the intended action did not happen. In fact Trevor did not put the shelves up.

Here are some more examples.

/ was going to tidy the flat, but I didn't have time.

Daniel wasn't going to spendany money, but he saw a jacket he just had to buy.

The girls left early. They were going to catchthe eight o'clock train.

So you went to the airport without a ticket. Where wereyou going to flyto?

The woman walked away just as I was going to speakto her. (just as = at the moment when)

We can also use was going tofor a prediction in the past.

/ knew something was going to gowrong with the plan. Wouldhas a similar meaning (see Unit 134C).

/ knew something would gowrong with the plan.


29 Exercises

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