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Trevor and Laura are decorating their house. Put in the verbs. Use the present perfect.

Laura: How is the painting going? (►) Have you finished ? (you / finish) Trevor: No, I haven't. Painting the ceiling is really difficult, you know.

(1) (I / not / do) very much. And it looks just the same as

before. This new paint (2) ........... (not / make) any difference.

Laura: (3) .................... (you / not / put) enough on.

Trevor: (4) (1 / hurt) my back. It feels bad.

Laura: Oh, you and your back. You mean (5)………………………………………. (you / have) enough of

decorating. Well, I'll do it. Where (6) ..................... ………………………… (you / put) the brush?

Trevor: I don't know. (7).............. (it / disappear).

(8)………………………………………. (I / look) for it, but I can't find it.

Laura: You're hopeless, aren't you? How much (9)………………………………… (you / do) in here?

Nothing! (10) .............. (I / paint) two doors.

Trevor: (11)………………………………………… (I / clean) all this old paint around the window.

It looks much better now, doesn't it?
Laura: (12)……………………………………… (we / make) some progress, I suppose.

Now, where (13) ....................... (that brush /go)?

Oh, (14)…………………………………….. (you / leave) it on the ladder, look.


12 The present perfect (2):

just, already, yet; forand since



A Just, already and yet

We can use the present perfect with just, alreadyand yet.

Justmeans 'a short time ago'. Vicky heard about the concert not long ago. Alreadymeans 'sooner than expected'. They sold the tickets very quickly. We use yetwhen we are expecting something to happen. Vicky expects that Rachel will buy a ticket.

Justand alreadycome before the past participle (heard, sold). Yetcomes at the end of a question or a negative sentence.

Here are some more examples.

We've just comeback from our holiday.

I've just had an idea.

It isn't a very good party. Most people havealready gone home.

My brother has already crashedhis new car.

It's eleven o'clock and you haven't finishedbreakfast yet.

Has your course started yet?But for American English see page 377.


B Forand since

We can use the present perfect with forand since.

Vicky hasonly hadthat camera forthree days. Those people have beenat the hotel sinceFriday.

I've felt really tired fora whole week now.

We've livedin Oxford since1992. not We live-here-sinee-1992. Here something began in the past and has lasted up to the present time.

We use forto say how long this period is {for three days). We use sinceto say when the period began (since Friday).

We use how longin questions.

How long has Vicky hadthat camera? ~ Since Thursday, I think.

How long have Trevor and Laura beenmarried? ~ Oh, for about three years.

We can also use the present perfect with forand sincewhen something has stopped happening. / haven't seen Rachel forages. She hasn't visited us since July.

11,13 More on the present perfect 14-15 Present perfect or past simple?

17 Present perfect continuous or simple? 114 Yet, stilland already121 For, since, agoand before


12 Exercises

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