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A States and actions  Просмотрен 305

STATES

A state means something staying the same.

The flat isclean.

The farmer ownsthe land.

The box containedold books. State verbs cannot usually be continuous. NOT The farmer is owning the land.


ACTIONS

An action means something happening.

I'm cleaning the flat.

The farmer is buyingthe land.

He putthe books in the box. Action verbs can be simple or continuous.

He putI He was puttingeverything away.


Some state verbs: be, believe, belong, consist of, contain, depend on, deserve, exist, hate, know, like, love, matter, mean, own, need, prefer, remember, resemble, seem, understand

B I think/I'm thinkingetc

Sometimes we can use a verb either for a state or for an action.


states (simple tenses)

I thinkyou're right. (= believe) We havethree cars. (= own) I comefrom Sweden. (= live in)

I seeyour problem. (= understand)

Do you seethat house? (= have in sight)

This picture looksnice.

She appearsvery nervous. (= seems)

The bag weighedfive kilos.

The coat fits.(= is the right size)


actions (simple or continuous)

I'm thinking about the problem.

We're havinglunch. (— eating)

I'm coming from Sweden. (= travelling)

/ usually comeon the plane.

Mark is seeinghis boss. {= meeting)

I seeDaniel quite often.

I'm looking at this picture.

She appeared/was appearingin a film.

They weighed/were weighingmy bag.

I'm fitting a lock to the window.


These examples with the verb beare about how people behave.

PERMANENT QUALITY TEMPORARY BEHAVIOUR

Claire isa very sociable person. Andrew is beingvery sociable today.

That man isan idiot.

You are beingan idiot this morning. (= You are behaving like an idiot.)

We use am/are/is beingonly to talk about behaviour, not about other things. I'm better now, thanks. Areyou ready? Is anyone interested?

I like/I'm liking etc

We can use some state verbs in the continuous to talk about a short period of time.


permanent state (simple tenses)

/ love/enjoy parties.

I likeschool.

Holidays costa lot of money.


short period (continuous)

I'm loving/enjoying this party. I'm liking school much better now. This trip is costingme a lot of money.


Sometimes we can use either the simple or the continuous with no difference in meaning. You lookwell, or You're lookingwell. We feela bit sad. or We're feeling a bit sad.


7 Exercises

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