For all the children. 547
B To or for?
We give something to someone, and we buy something for someone.
We can use towith these verbs: bring, feed, give, hand, lend, offer, owe, pass, pay, post, promise, read, sell, send, show, take, teach, tell, throw, write
Vicky paid the money tothe cashier, or Vicky paid the cashier the money. Let me read this news item toyou. or Let me read you this news item. We showed the photos toDavid, or We showed David the photos.
We can use forwith these verbs: book, bring, build, buy, choose, cook, fetch, find, get, leave, make, order, pick, reserve, save
They found a spare ticket forme. or They found me a spare ticket.
I've saved a seat foryou. or I've saved you a seat.
Melanie is making a cake forDavid, or Melanie is making David a cake.
C Give + pronoun
Sometimes there is a pronoun and a noun after a verb such as give.
The pronoun usually comes before the noun.
|Henry bought some flowers. He gave them to Claire. Weuse thembecause the flowers are mentioned earlier. Themcomes before Claire.|
Henry is very fond of Claire. He gave
her some flowers.
We use herbecause Claire is mentioned earlier. Hercomes before some flowers.
|l Give (A) Look at the Christmas presents and write sentences about them. Put one of these words at the end of each sentence: necklace, scarf, sweater, tennis racket, watch|
► Harriet gave Mike a watch.
Indirect object or to? (A)
Write the information in one sentence. Put the underlined part at the end of the sentence. Sometimes you need to.
? Daniel lent something to Vicky. It was his calculator. —> Daniel lent Vicky his calculator.
? Mark sent a message. It was to his boss. —> Mark sent a message to his boss.
1 Emma sold her bike. Her sister bought it. —> Emma
2 Tom told the joke. He told all his friends. —> Tom......................
3 Melanie gave some help. She helped her neighbour. —► Melanie
4 Ilona wrote to her teacher. She wrote a letter. —> Ilona........................
3 To or for? (B)
Mark's boss at Zedco is Mr Atkins. He is telling people to do things. Put in to or for.
? Give these papers to my secretary. 3 Don't show these plans anyone.
? Could you make some coffee for us? 4 Leave a message my secretary.
1 Book a flight me, could you? 5 Fetch the file me, could you?
2 Can you post this cheque ..the hotel? 6 Write a memo all managers.
4, Give + pronoun (C)
Complete each answer using the words in brackets. Sometimes you need to use to or for.
? Matthew: Why is everyone laughing? (a funny story / us)
Vicky: Daniel told us a funny story.
? Trevor: There's some fish left over, (it / the cat)
Laura: I'll feed it to the cat.
1 Mark: What are you doing with those bottles? (them / the bottle bank)
Sarah: I'm taking ............................
2 Trevor: How are things with you, Daniel? (a job / me)
Daniel: Fine. Someone has offered..............................
3 David: What about those papers you found? (them / the police)
Tom: Oh, I handed
4 Emma: It's pouring with rain, look, (my umbrella / you)
Rachel: It's OK. I'll lend ...............................
4 The present continuous
|A Introduction The present continuous means that we are in the middle of an action.|
The present continuous is the present tense of be + an ing-form.
/ am looking or I'm looking
you/we/they are lookingoryou/we/they're lookinghe/she/it is lookingor he/she/it's looking
I'm not looking you/we/they aren't lookinghe/she/it isn't looking
am I looking?
are you/we/they looking? ishe/she/it looking?
I'm getting the lunch ready. The train is coming,look.
We're lookingfor a post office. Rachel isn't wearingher new dress.
What areyou doing?Who isVicky dancingwith?
For rules about the spelling of the ing-form see page 370.
We use the present continuous to say that we are in the middle of an action.
I'm waiting for the train. (I'mat the station now.)
I'm getting the lunch ready. (I'm in the kitchen now.) I'm waiting means that I am in the middle of a period of waiting. The wait is not yet over.
We can also use the present continuous when we are in the middle of something but not actually doing it at the moment of speaking.
/ must get hack to the office. We're workingon a new project.
I'm quite busy these days. I'm doinga course at college.
We can use the present continuous when things are changing over a long period. The number of cars on the road is increasing.The earth is slowly gettingwarmer.
For the future meaning of the present continuous see Unit 26A. I'm playing badminton with Matthew tomorrow.
6 Present continuous or simple? 7 State verbs and action verbs
|1 Form (B) Look at the pictures and say what people are doing. Use these verbs: carry, paint, play, ride, take Use these objects: a bicycle, a parcel, a photo, a picture, basketball|
► He's riding a bicycle.