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Archaic Forms of the Auxiliaries  Просмотрен 346

The forms given in the tables above are those of modern standard English. One may also come across archaic forms, mainly in poetry or texts where an archaic effect is intended.

 

Forms   Grammatical characteristics   Verbs  
dost [dʌSt], [dǝst]   Present indefinite, 2nd person singular     to do  
doth, doeth [dʌθ], ][dǝθ]   Present indefinite, 3rd person singular    
didst [dɪdst]   Past indefinite, 2nd person singular    
art [a:t], [ǝt]   Present indefinite, 2nd person singular   to be  
wast [wɔst], [wǝst], wert [wǝ:t], [wǝt]   Past indefinite, 2nd person singular    
hast [hæst], [hǝst], |ǝst], [st]   Present indefinite, 2nd person singular   to have  
hath [hæθ], [hǝθ], [ǝθ]   Present indefinite, 3rd person singular    
hadst [hædst], [hǝdst], [ǝdst]   Past indefinite, 2nd person singular    
shall [∫ælt], [∫ǝlt], [∫lt] Present indefinite, 2nd person singular   shall  
shouldst, shouldest [∫udst]   Past indefinite, 2nd person singular    
wilt [wɪlt], [ǝlt], [ɪt]   Present indefinite, 2nd person singular   will  
wouldst, wouldest [wudst]   Past indefinite, 2nd person singular    

 

Table of tense - aspect - perfect forms of the verb “to translate” in the Indicative mood (3d person singular)    
Time Reference   Aspect   Non-perfect   Perfect  
Present   Common   He works   He has worked  
Continuous   He is working   He has been working    
Past   Common   He worked   He had worked  
Continuous   He was working   He had been working    
Future   Common   He will work   He will have worked  
Continuous   He will be working   He will have been working    
Future in the past   Common   He would work   He would have worked  
Continuous   He would be working   He would have been working    

 

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