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Health, Illness and Disease Vocabulary   700

pain
feeling in your body when you have been hurt or when you are ill, sick

Suddenly she felt a sharp pain in her neck, shoulder, waist, arm, leg, stomach.

Take an aspirin to relieve the pain.

ache
continuous pain; feel a continuous pain

I cant sleep because my head aches too bad.

I have a terrible headache, backache, stomach-ache.

ill
suffering from an illness or disease; not feeling well; sick

My elder sister is seriously ill in St Johns hospital.

The children started to feel ill an hour after the meal.

sick
physically or mentally ill; wanting to vomit

I feel very sick, I dont think I can work today.

Be careful with the cake, too much of it can make you sick.

sore
painful (and often red) because of infection or because a muscle has been used too much

I have a sore throat, I mustnt take that cold drink.

She says her stomach is still sore after the operation.

His feet were sore after the bicycle trip.

illness
the state of being physically or mentally ill

Our secretary missed a lot of work through illness last month.

Flu can be a serious illness if you arent careful enough.

disease
serious illness, often caused by infection

Peters uncle suffers from a rare blood disease.

A fatty diet increases the risk of heart disease.

The government is planning further health measures to prevent the spread of disease.

heal
become healthy again; make something, somebody healthy again, make somebody feel happy again

As I see it will take a long time for your wounds to heal.

This ointment will help to heal your scratches.

The tea you made really healed me.

cure
make somebody or something healthy again after an illness; make an illness go away

He was seriously ill for a long time, but the doctor cured him at last.

Scarlet fever is a serious illness, but it can be cured fairly fast.

cure
medicine or medical treatment that cures an illness; the act of curing or the process of being cured

There is no known cure for this illness but the it can be treated.

Im afraid you must be taken to hospital for the cure.

treat
give medical care or attention to somebody or something; deal with something or somebody

I was treated for flu, but later I was diagnosed with pneumonia.

This illness is usually treated with antibiotics and a strict diet..

treatment
(the way or process of) curing an illness or injury or making somebody look and feel good; the way of dealing with something or somebody

Doctors apply various treatments for this illness.

My sister goes to a wellness centre to receive beauty treatments.

diagnose
define what an illness or the cause of a problem is

The blood test is used to diagnose all kinds of diseases.

She was diagnosed (as) (a) diabetic in her early childhood.

diagnosis
medical description of an illness or condition

The doctors didnt share every detail of the diagnosis with the patients family.

We had to wait a lot for the exact diagnosis after the examination.

injury
harm done to the body, for example in an accident

They were lucky to escape the fight without serious injuries.

There were only minor injuries in the crash.

injure
harm somebody or yourself physically, especially in an accident, receive/suffer an injury

He injured his finger when he was cutting the meat.

Nobody was killed in the accident, but two people were seriously injured.

wound
an injury to part of the body, especially one in which a hole is made in the skin

He died from the wounds that he had received in the crash.

He was taken to hospital although his wounds didnt seem too serious.

cut
a wound caused by something sharp

He had such a deep cut on his arm that he was taken to hospital.

The victim had several cuts on his chest, still he survived.

bruise
a blue, brown or purple mark on the skin after somebody has fallen

He was covered in bruises at the end of the football match.

The man came to the surgery with a huge bruise over his eye.

scratch
rub your skin with your nails, usually because its itching; a mark or a small cut or injury made by scratching

The cat continuously scratched itself behind the ear.

She had a long scratch on her arm when she came out of the rose garden.

infection
illness caused by bacteria or a virus; the act or process of causing or getting a disease

Wash your hands carefully to decrease the risk of infection.

She almost died from blood infection.

inflammation
a condition when a part of the body becomes red, sore and swollen because of infection or injury

My knee was twice the size of the other one due to the inflammation.

You had better not eat fatty food so soon after your stomach inflammation.

symptom
a change in your body or mind that shows that you are not healthy

You dont necessarily need a doctor with symptoms like a headache or sore throat.

Depression can cause physical symptoms, too.

temperature
the measurement of how hot your body is

have a temperature when your temperature is higher than normal due to illness

I feel so weak, I think I have a temperature.

She had such a high temperature that she was immediately taken to hospital.

fever
a medical condition in which someone has a temperature that is higher than normal; a particular type of disease with high temperature

Did you take aspirin to reduce the fever?

Our daughter has been diagnosed with scarlet fever.

cold
illness affecting the nose and/or throat, making you cough and/or sneeze

I think I caught a cold on the ice rink yesterday.

She cant come to school, shes in bed with a cold.

flu
a very bad cold, an infectious disease with fever, pains and weakness

Please dont visit us this week, the whole family has the flu.

If youre not careful enough and you dont take antibiotics, you may even die from the flu.

vomit
discharge stomach contents through the mouth

There must have been something wrong with the food as both children vomited shortly after the meal.

Im afraid Im pregnant; I vomit after getting up every morning.

medicine
a substance that you drink or swallow so as to cure an illness

You look so pale. Havent you taken your medicine this morning?

The doctor prescribed three kinds of medicine for me.

antibiotics
medicine that kills bacteria and cures infections

My mums throat infection went away after she started the antibiotics.

Hot tea wont be enough to cure your flu, I think you also need antibiotics.

pain killer
kind of medicine that takes away some or all of the discomfort of an illness or injury

I had such a horrible headache last night that I took two pain killers.

She says she doesnt think its a good idea to take pain killers too often.

blood pressure
the rate at which blood flows through the body

Drink some coffee if you feel your blood pressure is too low.

High blood pressure increases the risk of having a heart attack.

pulse
the regular beat of blood as it is sent around the body

The doctor started the examination with taking my pulse and blood pressure.

He has such a weak pulse that its hard to feel.

x-ray
a photograph of a somebodys bones and organs

They took x-rays of my knee to make sure it wasnt broken.

The doctor says that the x-ray has proved his suspicion of cancer, but I dont believe him.

patient
a person staying in a hospital or medical facility

The doctor examined the patient very carefully but he didnt find any disorder.

There were so many patients in the doctors surgery that I didnt wait and I went home.

surgery
a place where a doctor or dentist sees patients; medical treatment of injuries or diseases involving cutting open somebodys body

I wanted to see a doctor but the surgery was closed.

I hope they can cure me with medicine and I dont need undergo surgery.

operation
cutting open a part of somebodys body in order to remove or cure a part

The operation was successful but the patient died.

The doctor says I can hardly escape an operation.

operate on somebody (for something)
cut open a part of somebodys body in order to remove or cure a part

He soon recovered after he was operated on for appendicitis.

The doctor ordered to take my brother to hospital and they will operate on himtomorrow.

operating theatre
a room in a hospital used for medical operations

The patient died on the way to the operating theatre.

She felt nervous as she looked round the operating theatre.

chemists (shop)
a shop where medicine is sold

The doctor suggested to go to the chemists for the medicine straight from the surgery.

This syrup is also sold in the supermarket, so you dont need to go to the chemists.

prescription
an official piece of paper filled out by a doctor with which you can get medicine from a chemists shop

Unfortunately, the doctor forgot to sign the prescription and so the chemist refused to give me the medicine.

Keep this prescription even though you dont need the medicine now; you may need it later.

 :V. Restore the following dialogue.  :Illness expressions
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